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Inflammatory effects of TNFα are counteracted by X-ray irradiation and AChE inhibition in mouse micromass cultures.

Thangaraj, Gopenath and Manakov, Vadim and Cucu, Aljona and Fournier, Claudia and Layer, Paul G. (2016):
Inflammatory effects of TNFα are counteracted by X-ray irradiation and AChE inhibition in mouse micromass cultures.
259, In: Chemico-biological interactions, (Pt. B), pp. 313-318, ISSN 1872-7786, [Article]

Abstract

As a means to analyze anti-inflammatory effects by radiation and/or by cholinergic mechanisms, we found that cultured primary human osteoblasts express most cholinergic components. After X-ray irradiation, their level of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was strongly elevated. As a 3D model, we cultured mesenchymal stem cells isolated from E11 mouse embryos as micromass nodules, and differentiated them into chondro- and osteoblasts. They were stimulated by 5 or 10 ng/ml of the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α to mimic an inflammatory condition in vitro, before exposure to 2 Gy X-rays. Effects on chondro- and osteoblasts of TNF-α, of X-rays, or both were analysed by Alcian Blue, or Alizarin Red staining, respectively. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was visualized histochemically. The results showed that treatment with TNF-α affected cartilage and bone formation in vitro, while X-rays reversed the effects of TNF-α. After irradiation, both AChE and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities, a marker for bone mineralization, were raised, suggesting that X-rays stimulated cholinergic mechanisms during calcification. Notably, the TNFα-effects on cultures were also counterbalanced after AChE activity was blocked by BW284c51. These findings suggest a complex crosstalk between radiation, cholinergic and inflammatory mechanisms, which could have wide significances, e.g. for understanding rheumatoid arthritis.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2016
Creators: Thangaraj, Gopenath and Manakov, Vadim and Cucu, Aljona and Fournier, Claudia and Layer, Paul G.
Title: Inflammatory effects of TNFα are counteracted by X-ray irradiation and AChE inhibition in mouse micromass cultures.
Language: English
Abstract:

As a means to analyze anti-inflammatory effects by radiation and/or by cholinergic mechanisms, we found that cultured primary human osteoblasts express most cholinergic components. After X-ray irradiation, their level of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was strongly elevated. As a 3D model, we cultured mesenchymal stem cells isolated from E11 mouse embryos as micromass nodules, and differentiated them into chondro- and osteoblasts. They were stimulated by 5 or 10 ng/ml of the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α to mimic an inflammatory condition in vitro, before exposure to 2 Gy X-rays. Effects on chondro- and osteoblasts of TNF-α, of X-rays, or both were analysed by Alcian Blue, or Alizarin Red staining, respectively. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was visualized histochemically. The results showed that treatment with TNF-α affected cartilage and bone formation in vitro, while X-rays reversed the effects of TNF-α. After irradiation, both AChE and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities, a marker for bone mineralization, were raised, suggesting that X-rays stimulated cholinergic mechanisms during calcification. Notably, the TNFα-effects on cultures were also counterbalanced after AChE activity was blocked by BW284c51. These findings suggest a complex crosstalk between radiation, cholinergic and inflammatory mechanisms, which could have wide significances, e.g. for understanding rheumatoid arthritis.

Journal or Publication Title: Chemico-biological interactions
Volume: 259
Number: Pt. B
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Developmental Biology and Neurogenetics
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2016 10:13
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