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A Volume-of-Fluid-based method for mass transfer processes at fluid particles

Bothe, Dieter and Fleckenstein, Stefan (2013):
A Volume-of-Fluid-based method for mass transfer processes at fluid particles.
In: Chemical Engineering Science, pp. 283-302, 101, ISSN 0009-2509,
DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2013.05.029,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2013.05.029],
[Article]

Abstract

This paper presents a VOF-based numerical method for simulating mass transfer across deformable fluid interfaces. The underlying mathematical model is based on continuum thermo-mechanics and allows for different solubilities of the species in the respective fluid phases, while volume changes due to mass transfer are neglected. The discontinuous changes in species concentrations at the interface are modeled by means of Henry's law which is shown to be a good approximation to the jump conditions at the interface in many cases. Within the numerical approach the concentration of the transfer component is represented by two separate variables, one for each phase. This is crucial in order to avoid artificial mass transfer. The physical mass transfer is modeled by an interfacial exchange term accounting for Henry's law, where two variants are compared. In addition, a subgrid-scale model is introduced for capturing steep concentration gradients appearing at the interface in convection dominated cases. The approach is validated by comparison of 3D numerical results for a spherical bubble rising at small Reynolds number in a glycerol–water mixture with an accurate solution based on the Hadamard–Rybczynski velocity field. Results obtained from 3D simulations for oxygen transfer from bubbles at moderate Reynolds numbers are compared with known Sherwood number correlations, showing good agreement. Finally, the dependence of the local concentration boundary layer thickness on Schmidt number is investigated.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2013
Creators: Bothe, Dieter and Fleckenstein, Stefan
Title: A Volume-of-Fluid-based method for mass transfer processes at fluid particles
Language: English
Abstract:

This paper presents a VOF-based numerical method for simulating mass transfer across deformable fluid interfaces. The underlying mathematical model is based on continuum thermo-mechanics and allows for different solubilities of the species in the respective fluid phases, while volume changes due to mass transfer are neglected. The discontinuous changes in species concentrations at the interface are modeled by means of Henry's law which is shown to be a good approximation to the jump conditions at the interface in many cases. Within the numerical approach the concentration of the transfer component is represented by two separate variables, one for each phase. This is crucial in order to avoid artificial mass transfer. The physical mass transfer is modeled by an interfacial exchange term accounting for Henry's law, where two variants are compared. In addition, a subgrid-scale model is introduced for capturing steep concentration gradients appearing at the interface in convection dominated cases. The approach is validated by comparison of 3D numerical results for a spherical bubble rising at small Reynolds number in a glycerol–water mixture with an accurate solution based on the Hadamard–Rybczynski velocity field. Results obtained from 3D simulations for oxygen transfer from bubbles at moderate Reynolds numbers are compared with known Sherwood number correlations, showing good agreement. Finally, the dependence of the local concentration boundary layer thickness on Schmidt number is investigated.

Journal or Publication Title: Chemical Engineering Science
Volume: 101
Uncontrolled Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics; Multiphase flow; Mathematical modeling; Mass transfer; Henry's law; Interfacial jump conditions
Divisions: DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
Exzellenzinitiative
Exzellenzinitiative > Clusters of Excellence
04 Department of Mathematics
Zentrale Einrichtungen
Exzellenzinitiative > Clusters of Excellence > Center of Smart Interfaces (CSI)
04 Department of Mathematics > Mathematical Modelling and Analysis
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2013 12:46
DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2013.05.029
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2013.05.029
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