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Modulation by zinc ions of native rat and recombinant human inhibitory glycine receptors.

Laube, Bodo and Kuhse, J. and Rundström, N. and Kirsch, J. and Schmieden, V. and Betz, H. (1995):
Modulation by zinc ions of native rat and recombinant human inhibitory glycine receptors.
In: The Journal of physiology, pp. 613-9, 483, ISSN 0022-3751, [Article]

Abstract

1. The effect of the divalent cation Zn2+ on inhibitory glycine receptor (GlyR) currents was investigated in rat embryonic spinal cord neurons and Xenopus oocytes expressing recombinant GlyRs. 2. In cultured spinal neurons, Zn2+ potentiated glycine-induced whole-cell currents about 3-fold when applied extracellularly at concentrations of 0.5-10 microM. In contrast, higher concentrations (> 100 microM) of Zn2+ decreased the glycine response. 3. A similar biphasic modulation of glycine-induced currents by Zn2+ was also found with recombinant homo- and hetero-oligomeric GlyRs generated in Xenopus oocytes. Dose-response analysis showed that both the potentiating and inhibitory effects of Zn2+ result from changes in apparent agonist affinity. 4. Analysis of chimeric constructs of the GlyR alpha 1- and beta-subunits revealed that the positive and negative modulatory effects of Zn2+ are mediated by different regions of the alpha 1-subunit. 5. Our data indicate the existence of distinct high- and low-affinity Zn2+ binding sites on the ligand-binding alpha-subunits of the GlyR. These sites may be implicated in the regulation of synaptic efficacy within glycinergic pathways.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1995
Creators: Laube, Bodo and Kuhse, J. and Rundström, N. and Kirsch, J. and Schmieden, V. and Betz, H.
Title: Modulation by zinc ions of native rat and recombinant human inhibitory glycine receptors.
Language: English
Abstract:

1. The effect of the divalent cation Zn2+ on inhibitory glycine receptor (GlyR) currents was investigated in rat embryonic spinal cord neurons and Xenopus oocytes expressing recombinant GlyRs. 2. In cultured spinal neurons, Zn2+ potentiated glycine-induced whole-cell currents about 3-fold when applied extracellularly at concentrations of 0.5-10 microM. In contrast, higher concentrations (> 100 microM) of Zn2+ decreased the glycine response. 3. A similar biphasic modulation of glycine-induced currents by Zn2+ was also found with recombinant homo- and hetero-oligomeric GlyRs generated in Xenopus oocytes. Dose-response analysis showed that both the potentiating and inhibitory effects of Zn2+ result from changes in apparent agonist affinity. 4. Analysis of chimeric constructs of the GlyR alpha 1- and beta-subunits revealed that the positive and negative modulatory effects of Zn2+ are mediated by different regions of the alpha 1-subunit. 5. Our data indicate the existence of distinct high- and low-affinity Zn2+ binding sites on the ligand-binding alpha-subunits of the GlyR. These sites may be implicated in the regulation of synaptic efficacy within glycinergic pathways.

Journal or Publication Title: The Journal of physiology
Volume: 483
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Neurophysiology and Neurosensory Systems
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Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2011 11:20
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