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Evidence for a tetrameric structure of recombinant NMDA receptors.

Laube, Bodo and Kuhse, J. and Betz, H. (1998):
Evidence for a tetrameric structure of recombinant NMDA receptors.
In: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, pp. 2954-61, 18, (8), ISSN 0270-6474, [Article]

Abstract

The amino acids L-glutamate and glycine are essential agonists of the excitatory NMDA receptor, a subtype of the ionotropic glutamate receptor family. The native NMDA receptor is composed of two types of homologous membrane-spanning subunits, NR1 and NR2. Here, the numbers of glycine-binding NR1 and glutamate-binding NR2 subunits in the NMDA receptor hetero-oligomer were determined by coexpressing the wild-type (wt) NR1 with the low-affinity mutant NR1(Q387K), and the wt NR2B with the low-affinity mutant NR2BE387A, subunits in Xenopus oocytes. In both cases, analysis of the resulting dose-response curves revealed three independent components of glycine and glutamate sensitivity. These correspond to the respective wild-type and mutant affinities and an additional intermediate hybrid affinity, indicating the existence of three discrete receptor populations. Binomial analysis of these data indicates the presence of two glycine and two glutamate binding subunits in the functional receptor. In addition, we analyzed the inhibitory effects of the negative dominant NR1(R505K) and NR2BR493K mutants on maximal inducible whole-cell currents of wt NR1/NR2B receptors. The inhibition profiles obtained on expression of increasing amounts of these mutant proteins again were fitted best by assuming an incorporation of two NR1 and two NR2 subunits into the receptor hetero-oligomer. Our data are consistent with NMDA receptors being tetrameric proteins that are composed of four homologous subunits.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1998
Creators: Laube, Bodo and Kuhse, J. and Betz, H.
Title: Evidence for a tetrameric structure of recombinant NMDA receptors.
Language: English
Abstract:

The amino acids L-glutamate and glycine are essential agonists of the excitatory NMDA receptor, a subtype of the ionotropic glutamate receptor family. The native NMDA receptor is composed of two types of homologous membrane-spanning subunits, NR1 and NR2. Here, the numbers of glycine-binding NR1 and glutamate-binding NR2 subunits in the NMDA receptor hetero-oligomer were determined by coexpressing the wild-type (wt) NR1 with the low-affinity mutant NR1(Q387K), and the wt NR2B with the low-affinity mutant NR2BE387A, subunits in Xenopus oocytes. In both cases, analysis of the resulting dose-response curves revealed three independent components of glycine and glutamate sensitivity. These correspond to the respective wild-type and mutant affinities and an additional intermediate hybrid affinity, indicating the existence of three discrete receptor populations. Binomial analysis of these data indicates the presence of two glycine and two glutamate binding subunits in the functional receptor. In addition, we analyzed the inhibitory effects of the negative dominant NR1(R505K) and NR2BR493K mutants on maximal inducible whole-cell currents of wt NR1/NR2B receptors. The inhibition profiles obtained on expression of increasing amounts of these mutant proteins again were fitted best by assuming an incorporation of two NR1 and two NR2 subunits into the receptor hetero-oligomer. Our data are consistent with NMDA receptors being tetrameric proteins that are composed of four homologous subunits.

Journal or Publication Title: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Volume: 18
Number: 8
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Neurophysiology and Neurosensory Systems
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Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2011 09:16
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