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Potentiation of Glycine-Gated NR1/NR3A NMDA Receptors Relieves Ca-Dependent Outward Rectification.

Madry, Christian and Betz, Heinrich and Geiger, Jörg R. P. and Laube, Bodo (2010):
Potentiation of Glycine-Gated NR1/NR3A NMDA Receptors Relieves Ca-Dependent Outward Rectification.
In: Frontiers in molecular neuroscience, p. 6, 3, ISSN 1662-5099, [Article]

Abstract

Glycine has diverse functions within the mammalian central nervous system. It inhibits postsynaptic neurons via strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors (GlyRs) and enhances neuronal excitation through co-activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Classical Ca(2+)-permeable NMDA receptors are composed of glycine-binding NR1 and glutamate-binding NR2 subunits, and hence require both glutamate and glycine for efficient activation. In contrast, recombinant receptors composed of NR1 and the glycine binding NR3A and/or NR3B subunits lack glutamate binding sites and can be activated by glycine alone. Therefore these receptors are also named "excitatory glycine receptors". Co-application of antagonists of the NR1 glycine-binding site or of the divalent cation Zn(2+) markedly enhances the glycine responses of these receptors. To gain further insight into the properties of these glycine-gated NMDA receptors, we investigated their current-voltage (I-V) dependence. Whole-cell current-voltage relations of glycine currents recorded from NR1/NR3B and NR1/NR3A/NR3B expressing oocytes were found to be linear under our recording conditions. In contrast, NR1/NR3A receptors displayed a strong outwardly rectifying I-V relation. Interestingly, the voltage-dependent inward current block was abolished in the presence of NR1 antagonists, Zn(2+) or a combination of both. Further analysis revealed that Ca(2+) (1.8 mM) present in our recording solutions was responsible for the voltage-dependent inhibition of ion flux through NR1/NR3A receptors. Since physiological concentrations of the divalent cation Mg(2+) did not affect the I-V dependence, our data suggest that relief of the voltage-dependent Ca(2+) block of NR1/NR3A receptors by Zn(2+) may be important for the regulation of excitatory glycinergic transmission, according to the Mg(2+)-block of conventional NR1/NR2 NMDA receptors.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2010
Creators: Madry, Christian and Betz, Heinrich and Geiger, Jörg R. P. and Laube, Bodo
Title: Potentiation of Glycine-Gated NR1/NR3A NMDA Receptors Relieves Ca-Dependent Outward Rectification.
Language: English
Abstract:

Glycine has diverse functions within the mammalian central nervous system. It inhibits postsynaptic neurons via strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors (GlyRs) and enhances neuronal excitation through co-activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Classical Ca(2+)-permeable NMDA receptors are composed of glycine-binding NR1 and glutamate-binding NR2 subunits, and hence require both glutamate and glycine for efficient activation. In contrast, recombinant receptors composed of NR1 and the glycine binding NR3A and/or NR3B subunits lack glutamate binding sites and can be activated by glycine alone. Therefore these receptors are also named "excitatory glycine receptors". Co-application of antagonists of the NR1 glycine-binding site or of the divalent cation Zn(2+) markedly enhances the glycine responses of these receptors. To gain further insight into the properties of these glycine-gated NMDA receptors, we investigated their current-voltage (I-V) dependence. Whole-cell current-voltage relations of glycine currents recorded from NR1/NR3B and NR1/NR3A/NR3B expressing oocytes were found to be linear under our recording conditions. In contrast, NR1/NR3A receptors displayed a strong outwardly rectifying I-V relation. Interestingly, the voltage-dependent inward current block was abolished in the presence of NR1 antagonists, Zn(2+) or a combination of both. Further analysis revealed that Ca(2+) (1.8 mM) present in our recording solutions was responsible for the voltage-dependent inhibition of ion flux through NR1/NR3A receptors. Since physiological concentrations of the divalent cation Mg(2+) did not affect the I-V dependence, our data suggest that relief of the voltage-dependent Ca(2+) block of NR1/NR3A receptors by Zn(2+) may be important for the regulation of excitatory glycinergic transmission, according to the Mg(2+)-block of conventional NR1/NR2 NMDA receptors.

Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in molecular neuroscience
Volume: 3
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Neurophysiology and Neurosensory Systems
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Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2011 09:13
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