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Artificial design of three-dimensional retina-like tissue from dissociated cells of the mammalian retina by rotation-mediated cell aggregation

Rothermel, Andree ; Biedermann, Thomas ; Weigel, Winnie ; Kurz, Randy ; Rüffer, Markus ; Layer, Paul G. ; Robitzki, Andrea :
Artificial design of three-dimensional retina-like tissue from dissociated cells of the mammalian retina by rotation-mediated cell aggregation.
In: Tissue engineering, 11 (11-12) pp. 1749-1756.
[Artikel], (2005)

Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract)

The goal of this study was to establish a reliable three-dimensional culture system for the mammalian retina that allows the analysis of retinal function and dysfunction. To produce three-dimensional retinal tissues in vitro, dissociated retinal cells of neonatal rats were maintained in culture dishes on a self-made orbital shaker. On the basis of well-defined rotation conditions, dissociated free-floating cells reaggregate in the center of the culture dish to form a multicellular cluster. Subsequently, cells begin to proliferate, whereby they form spherelike retinal tissues that grow to a size of 180-210 microm. Immunohistochemical characterization of mature retinal spheres revealed the presence of ganglion cells, amacrine cells, Müller cells, and rod photoreceptors, which are arranged in different retina-like layers. Although a small number of cells undergo programmed cell death, retinal spheres remain viable for at least 35 days in culture as revealed by fluorescein diacetate and TUNEL staining. Because most biological processes involved in tissue organization such as proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and survival are also observable in retinal spheres, the presented novel mammalian three-dimensional culture system is not only an outstanding model for basic research but may also be of great benefit for stem cell tissue engineering and the pharmaceutical industry.

Typ des Eintrags: Artikel
Erschienen: 2005
Autor(en): Rothermel, Andree ; Biedermann, Thomas ; Weigel, Winnie ; Kurz, Randy ; Rüffer, Markus ; Layer, Paul G. ; Robitzki, Andrea
Titel: Artificial design of three-dimensional retina-like tissue from dissociated cells of the mammalian retina by rotation-mediated cell aggregation
Sprache: Englisch
Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract):

The goal of this study was to establish a reliable three-dimensional culture system for the mammalian retina that allows the analysis of retinal function and dysfunction. To produce three-dimensional retinal tissues in vitro, dissociated retinal cells of neonatal rats were maintained in culture dishes on a self-made orbital shaker. On the basis of well-defined rotation conditions, dissociated free-floating cells reaggregate in the center of the culture dish to form a multicellular cluster. Subsequently, cells begin to proliferate, whereby they form spherelike retinal tissues that grow to a size of 180-210 microm. Immunohistochemical characterization of mature retinal spheres revealed the presence of ganglion cells, amacrine cells, Müller cells, and rod photoreceptors, which are arranged in different retina-like layers. Although a small number of cells undergo programmed cell death, retinal spheres remain viable for at least 35 days in culture as revealed by fluorescein diacetate and TUNEL staining. Because most biological processes involved in tissue organization such as proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and survival are also observable in retinal spheres, the presented novel mammalian three-dimensional culture system is not only an outstanding model for basic research but may also be of great benefit for stem cell tissue engineering and the pharmaceutical industry.

Titel der Zeitschrift, Zeitung oder Schriftenreihe: Tissue engineering
Band: 11
(Heft-)Nummer: 11-12
Fachbereich(e)/-gebiet(e): Fachbereich Biologie, Biology
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Fachbereich Biologie, Biology > Entwicklungsbiologie und Neurogenetik, Developmental Biology and Neurogenetics
Hinterlegungsdatum: 20 Nov 2008 08:22
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