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Is Interaction More Important Than Individual Performance? A Study of Motifs in Wikia

Arnold, Thomas and Daxenberger, Johannes and Weihe, Karsten and Gurevych, Iryna (2017):
Is Interaction More Important Than Individual Performance? A Study of Motifs in Wikia.
In: Proceedings of the 26th International Conference Companion on World Wide Web, International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee, Perth, Australia, In: WWW '17 Companion, [Online-Edition: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3041021.3053362],
[Conference or Workshop Item]

Abstract

Recent research has discovered the importance of informal roles in peer online collaboration. These roles reflect prototypical activity patterns of contributors such as different editing activities in writing communities. While previous work has analyzed the dynamics of contributors within single communities, so far, the relationship between individuals' roles and interaction among contributors remains unclear. This is a severe drawback given that collaboration is one of the driving forces in online communities. In this study, we use a network-based approach to combine information about individuals' roles and their interaction over time. We measure the impact of recurring subgraphs in co-author networks, so called motifs, on the overall quality of the resulting collaborative product. Doing so allows us to measure the effect of collaboration over mere isolated contributions by individuals. Our findings indicate that indeed there are consistent positive implications of certain patterns that cannot be detected when looking at contributions in isolation, e.g. we found shared positive effects of contributors that specialize on content quality over of quantity. The empirical results presented in this work are based on a study of several online writing communities, namely wikis from Wikia and Wikipedia.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 2017
Creators: Arnold, Thomas and Daxenberger, Johannes and Weihe, Karsten and Gurevych, Iryna
Title: Is Interaction More Important Than Individual Performance? A Study of Motifs in Wikia
Language: English
Abstract:

Recent research has discovered the importance of informal roles in peer online collaboration. These roles reflect prototypical activity patterns of contributors such as different editing activities in writing communities. While previous work has analyzed the dynamics of contributors within single communities, so far, the relationship between individuals' roles and interaction among contributors remains unclear. This is a severe drawback given that collaboration is one of the driving forces in online communities. In this study, we use a network-based approach to combine information about individuals' roles and their interaction over time. We measure the impact of recurring subgraphs in co-author networks, so called motifs, on the overall quality of the resulting collaborative product. Doing so allows us to measure the effect of collaboration over mere isolated contributions by individuals. Our findings indicate that indeed there are consistent positive implications of certain patterns that cannot be detected when looking at contributions in isolation, e.g. we found shared positive effects of contributors that specialize on content quality over of quantity. The empirical results presented in this work are based on a study of several online writing communities, namely wikis from Wikia and Wikipedia.

Title of Book: Proceedings of the 26th International Conference Companion on World Wide Web
Series Name: WWW '17 Companion
Publisher: International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee
Uncontrolled Keywords: UKP_a_TexMinAn, UKP_a_LangTech4eHum, UKP_s_DKPro_TC, UKP_reviewed, Wikia, Online collaboration, Online Communities, Informal Roles, Co-Author Networks, Motifs, CEDIFOR;AIPHES_area_c1
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Ubiquitous Knowledge Processing
DFG-Graduiertenkollegs
DFG-Graduiertenkollegs > Research Training Group 1994 Adaptive Preparation of Information from Heterogeneous Sources
Event Location: Perth, Australia
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2017 13:39
Official URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3041021.3053362
Identification Number: TUD-CS-2017-0036
Related URLs:
Projects: CEDIFOR
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