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Heron of Alexandria and the Dome of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul

Svenshon, Helge
eds.: Kurrer, Karl-Eugen ; Lorenz, Werner ; Wetzk, Volker (2009)
Heron of Alexandria and the Dome of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.
In: Proceedings of the Third Congress on Construction History. Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, 20th - 24th May 2009
Book Section, Primary publication

Abstract

Writings have been published under the name of Heron of Alexandria in a long period between the 1st century AD and the Byzantine middle ages. This extensive collection was issued for use by engineers, geodesists, architects as well as for other engineering related professionals and it belongs to the most important sources for the history of the ancient building trade, yet even until today it remains almost entirely overlooked. These manuals, conceived for a wider specialised readership and broadly known, also contain the mathematical and technical prerequisites, that were essential to professionally realise the concept of a building. The groundwork for this, is found in a mathematical tradition, that has been almost consistently passed down from Old-Babylonian times to the geometrical treatises of the early modern times. The comparison between Heron's texts with singular, well-preserved buildings and especially the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, demonstrates the degree of influence this neglected source has had on the technical and built environment of antiquity.

Item Type: Book Section
Erschienen: 2009
Editors: Kurrer, Karl-Eugen ; Lorenz, Werner ; Wetzk, Volker
Creators: Svenshon, Helge
Type of entry: Primary publication
Title: Heron of Alexandria and the Dome of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
Language: English
Date: 2009
Place of Publication: Berlin
Publisher: NEUNPLUS1
Book Title: Proceedings of the Third Congress on Construction History. Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, 20th - 24th May 2009
Series Volume: 3
URL / URN: https://www.tu-cottbus.de/projekte/de/ch2009/startseite.html
Corresponding Links:
Abstract:

Writings have been published under the name of Heron of Alexandria in a long period between the 1st century AD and the Byzantine middle ages. This extensive collection was issued for use by engineers, geodesists, architects as well as for other engineering related professionals and it belongs to the most important sources for the history of the ancient building trade, yet even until today it remains almost entirely overlooked. These manuals, conceived for a wider specialised readership and broadly known, also contain the mathematical and technical prerequisites, that were essential to professionally realise the concept of a building. The groundwork for this, is found in a mathematical tradition, that has been almost consistently passed down from Old-Babylonian times to the geometrical treatises of the early modern times. The comparison between Heron's texts with singular, well-preserved buildings and especially the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, demonstrates the degree of influence this neglected source has had on the technical and built environment of antiquity.

Uncontrolled Keywords: Hagia Sophia, Spätantike, Sakralbau, Geschichte der Baukonstruktion, Antike Mathematik, antike Vermessungskunst.
Alternative keywords:
Alternative keywordsLanguage
History of architecture, Late Antiquity, History of Construction, History of Science, Architecture and Ancient Practical Mathematics, Ancient Geodesy, Heron of Alexandria, Relationships Between Architecture and Mathematics, Babylonian mathematics, Side and Diagonal Numbers, Byzantine ArchitectureEnglish
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-44892
Classification DDC: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 690 Building and construction
700 Arts and recreation > 720 Architecture
900 History and geography > 930 History of the ancient world to ca. 499, archaeology
Divisions: 15 Department of Architecture
15 Department of Architecture > Fachgruppe A: Historische Grundlagen
15 Department of Architecture > Fachgruppe A: Historische Grundlagen > Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur / GTA
15 Department of Architecture > Fachgruppe A: Historische Grundlagen > Klassische Archäologie
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2015 19:55
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 16:01
PPN:
Corresponding Links:
Alternative keywords:
Alternative keywordsLanguage
History of architecture, Late Antiquity, History of Construction, History of Science, Architecture and Ancient Practical Mathematics, Ancient Geodesy, Heron of Alexandria, Relationships Between Architecture and Mathematics, Babylonian mathematics, Side and Diagonal Numbers, Byzantine ArchitectureEnglish
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