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PTIP associates with Artemis to dictate DNA repair pathway choice.

Wang, Jiadong ; Aroumougame, Asaithamby ; Löbrich, Markus ; Li, Yujing ; Chen, David ; Chen, Junjie ; Gong, Zihua (2014)
PTIP associates with Artemis to dictate DNA repair pathway choice.
In: Genes & development, 28 (24)
Article, Bibliographie

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Abstract

PARP inhibitors (PARPis) are being used in patients with BRCA1/2 mutations. However, doubly deficient BRCA1(-/-)53BP1(-/-) cells or tumors become resistant to PARPis. Since 53BP1 or its known downstream effectors, PTIP and RIF1 (RAP1-interacting factor 1 homolog), lack enzymatic activities directly implicated in DNA repair, we decided to further explore the 53BP1-dependent pathway. In this study, we uncovered a nuclease, Artemis, as a PTIP-binding protein. Loss of Artemis restores PARPi resistance in BRCA1-deficient cells. Collectively, our data demonstrate that Artemis is the major downstream effector of the 53BP1 pathway, which prevents end resection and promotes nonhomologous end-joining and therefore directly competes with the homologous recombination repair pathway.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2014
Creators: Wang, Jiadong ; Aroumougame, Asaithamby ; Löbrich, Markus ; Li, Yujing ; Chen, David ; Chen, Junjie ; Gong, Zihua
Type of entry: Bibliographie
Title: PTIP associates with Artemis to dictate DNA repair pathway choice.
Language: English
Date: 2014
Journal or Publication Title: Genes & development
Volume of the journal: 28
Issue Number: 24
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Abstract:

PARP inhibitors (PARPis) are being used in patients with BRCA1/2 mutations. However, doubly deficient BRCA1(-/-)53BP1(-/-) cells or tumors become resistant to PARPis. Since 53BP1 or its known downstream effectors, PTIP and RIF1 (RAP1-interacting factor 1 homolog), lack enzymatic activities directly implicated in DNA repair, we decided to further explore the 53BP1-dependent pathway. In this study, we uncovered a nuclease, Artemis, as a PTIP-binding protein. Loss of Artemis restores PARPi resistance in BRCA1-deficient cells. Collectively, our data demonstrate that Artemis is the major downstream effector of the 53BP1 pathway, which prevents end resection and promotes nonhomologous end-joining and therefore directly competes with the homologous recombination repair pathway.

Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Radiation Biology and DNA Repair
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2014 08:50
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2024 02:22
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