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Structured Multilayer Electrodes without Nafion for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

Zils, Susanne ; Wolz, André ; Michel, Marc ; Roth, Christina (2010)
Structured Multilayer Electrodes without Nafion for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells.
In: ECS Transactions, 28 (8)
doi: 10.1149/1.3490680
Article, Bibliographie

Abstract

The use of alternative support materials and special MEA preparation techniques allow a replacing of Nafion® within the electrode layer. A possible candidate for the replacement is the electron/proton conductive polymer polyaniline (PANI). This material has proven its suitability and stability as support in a fuel cell environment. The incorporation of Pt/single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) between the PANI layers can improve the electron conductivity of the system. The assembly is fabricated by the newly introduced spray coating technique, in which alternating layers of Pt/PANI or Ru/PANI, and Pt/SWCNT are sprayed directly onto a Nafion® membrane. 3D electrodes are obtained with an expected high porosity and enhanced noble metal utilization. The assembled multilayered electrodes were used at the anode side with a commercial Pt/CB-Nafion® catalyst layer at the cathode side in a real fuel cell test. The MEAs showed high Pt utilization values with an adequate power density.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2010
Creators: Zils, Susanne ; Wolz, André ; Michel, Marc ; Roth, Christina
Type of entry: Bibliographie
Title: Structured Multilayer Electrodes without Nafion for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
Language: English
Date: 2010
Publisher: ECS - The Electrochemical Society
Journal or Publication Title: ECS Transactions
Volume of the journal: 28
Issue Number: 8
DOI: 10.1149/1.3490680
Abstract:

The use of alternative support materials and special MEA preparation techniques allow a replacing of Nafion® within the electrode layer. A possible candidate for the replacement is the electron/proton conductive polymer polyaniline (PANI). This material has proven its suitability and stability as support in a fuel cell environment. The incorporation of Pt/single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) between the PANI layers can improve the electron conductivity of the system. The assembly is fabricated by the newly introduced spray coating technique, in which alternating layers of Pt/PANI or Ru/PANI, and Pt/SWCNT are sprayed directly onto a Nafion® membrane. 3D electrodes are obtained with an expected high porosity and enhanced noble metal utilization. The assembled multilayered electrodes were used at the anode side with a commercial Pt/CB-Nafion® catalyst layer at the cathode side in a real fuel cell test. The MEAs showed high Pt utilization values with an adequate power density.

Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Erneuerbare Energien
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2013 08:29
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 11:43
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