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Efficacy of the DFT + U formalism for modeling hole polarons in perovskite oxides

Erhart, Paul ; Klein, Andreas ; Åberg, Daniel ; Sadigh, Babak (2022)
Efficacy of the DFT + U formalism for modeling hole polarons in perovskite oxides.
In: Physical Review B, 90 (3)
doi: 10.26083/tuprints-00021157
Article, Secondary publication, Publisher's Version

Abstract

We investigate the formation of self-trapped holes (STH) in three prototypical perovskites (SrTiO₃, BaTiO₃, PbTiO₃) using a combination of density functional theory (DFT) calculations with local potentials and hybrid functionals. First we construct a local correction potential for polaronic configurations in SrTiO₃ that is applied via the DFT + U method and matches the forces from hybrid calculations. We then use the DFT + U potential to search the configuration space and locate the lowest energy STH configuration. It is demonstrated that both the DFT + U potential and the hybrid functional yield a piecewise linear dependence of the total energy on the occupation of the STH level, suggesting that self-interaction effects have been properly removed. The DFT + U model is found to be transferable to BaTiO₃ and PbTiO₃, and STH formation energies from DFT + U and hybrid calculations are in close agreement for all three materials. STH formation is found to be energetically favorable in SrTiO₃ and BaTiO₃ but not in PbTiO₃, which can be rationalized by considering the alignment of the valence band edges on an absolute energy scale. In the case of PbTiO₃ the strong coupling between Pb 6s and O 2p states lifts the valence band minimum (VBM) compared to SrTiO₃ and BaTiO₃. This reduces the separation between VBM and STH level and renders the STH configuration metastable with respect to delocalization (band hole state). We expect that the present approach can be adapted to study STH formation also in oxides with different crystal structures and chemical compositions.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2022
Creators: Erhart, Paul ; Klein, Andreas ; Åberg, Daniel ; Sadigh, Babak
Type of entry: Secondary publication
Title: Efficacy of the DFT + U formalism for modeling hole polarons in perovskite oxides
Language: English
Date: 2022
Publisher: American Physical Society
Journal or Publication Title: Physical Review B
Volume of the journal: 90
Issue Number: 3
Collation: 8 Seiten
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00021157
URL / URN: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/21157
Corresponding Links:
Origin: Secondary publication service
Abstract:

We investigate the formation of self-trapped holes (STH) in three prototypical perovskites (SrTiO₃, BaTiO₃, PbTiO₃) using a combination of density functional theory (DFT) calculations with local potentials and hybrid functionals. First we construct a local correction potential for polaronic configurations in SrTiO₃ that is applied via the DFT + U method and matches the forces from hybrid calculations. We then use the DFT + U potential to search the configuration space and locate the lowest energy STH configuration. It is demonstrated that both the DFT + U potential and the hybrid functional yield a piecewise linear dependence of the total energy on the occupation of the STH level, suggesting that self-interaction effects have been properly removed. The DFT + U model is found to be transferable to BaTiO₃ and PbTiO₃, and STH formation energies from DFT + U and hybrid calculations are in close agreement for all three materials. STH formation is found to be energetically favorable in SrTiO₃ and BaTiO₃ but not in PbTiO₃, which can be rationalized by considering the alignment of the valence band edges on an absolute energy scale. In the case of PbTiO₃ the strong coupling between Pb 6s and O 2p states lifts the valence band minimum (VBM) compared to SrTiO₃ and BaTiO₃. This reduces the separation between VBM and STH level and renders the STH configuration metastable with respect to delocalization (band hole state). We expect that the present approach can be adapted to study STH formation also in oxides with different crystal structures and chemical compositions.

Status: Publisher's Version
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-211579
Classification DDC: 500 Science and mathematics > 530 Physics
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering and machine engineering
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Surface Science
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation > Subproject B7: Polarisation and charging in electrical fatigue ferroelectrics
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2022 13:37
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2022 05:15
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