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Phosphorus-Containing Flame Retardants from Biobased Chemicals and Their Application in Polyesters and Epoxy Resins

Sag, Jacob ; Goedderz, Daniela ; Kukla, Philipp ; Greiner, Lara ; Schönberger, Frank ; Döring, Manfred (2022)
Phosphorus-Containing Flame Retardants from Biobased Chemicals and Their Application in Polyesters and Epoxy Resins.
In: Molecules, 2022, 24 (20)
doi: 10.26083/tuprints-00015755
Article, Secondary publication, Publisher's Version

Abstract

Phosphorus-containing flame retardants synthesized from renewable resources have had a lot of impact in recent years. This article outlines the synthesis, characterization and evaluation of these compounds in polyesters and epoxy resins. The different approaches used in producing biobased flame retardant polyesters and epoxy resins are reported. While for the polyesters biomass derived compounds usually are phosphorylated and melt blended with the polymer, biobased flame retardants for epoxy resins are directly incorporated into the polymer structure by a using a phosphorylated biobased monomer or curing agent. Evaluating the efficiency of the flame retardant composites is done by discussing results obtained from UL94 vertical burning, limiting oxygen index (LOI) and cone calorimetry tests. The review ends with an outlook on future development trends of biobased flame retardant systems for polyesters and epoxy resins.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2022
Creators: Sag, Jacob ; Goedderz, Daniela ; Kukla, Philipp ; Greiner, Lara ; Schönberger, Frank ; Döring, Manfred
Type of entry: Secondary publication
Title: Phosphorus-Containing Flame Retardants from Biobased Chemicals and Their Application in Polyesters and Epoxy Resins
Language: English
Date: 2022
Year of primary publication: 2022
Publisher: MDPI
Journal or Publication Title: Molecules
Volume of the journal: 24
Issue Number: 20
Collation: 31 Seiten
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00015755
URL / URN: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/15755
Corresponding Links:
Origin: Secondary publication
Abstract:

Phosphorus-containing flame retardants synthesized from renewable resources have had a lot of impact in recent years. This article outlines the synthesis, characterization and evaluation of these compounds in polyesters and epoxy resins. The different approaches used in producing biobased flame retardant polyesters and epoxy resins are reported. While for the polyesters biomass derived compounds usually are phosphorylated and melt blended with the polymer, biobased flame retardants for epoxy resins are directly incorporated into the polymer structure by a using a phosphorylated biobased monomer or curing agent. Evaluating the efficiency of the flame retardant composites is done by discussing results obtained from UL94 vertical burning, limiting oxygen index (LOI) and cone calorimetry tests. The review ends with an outlook on future development trends of biobased flame retardant systems for polyesters and epoxy resins.

Uncontrolled Keywords: biobased polymers, polyester, epoxy resin, flame retardant, phosphorus-containing flame retardants
Status: Publisher's Version
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-157550
Classification DDC: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 660 Chemical engineering
Divisions: 07 Department of Chemistry
07 Department of Chemistry > Ernst-Berl-Institut > Fachgebiet Makromolekulare Chemie
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2022 12:12
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2022 06:46
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