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A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning

Encarnação, José L. and Mengel, Maximilian and Bono, Peter R. and Böhm, Klaus and Borgmeier, Elmar and Brisson Lopes, J.M. and Hornung, Christoph and Knierriem-Jasnoch, Anette and Koch, Eckhard and Krömker, Detlef and Lindner, Rolf and Paris, Cesar and Sandberg, A. and Schnaider, Michael and Storck, Dietmar and Teixeira, José Carlos and Urban, Bodo and Wang, T. (1998):
A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning.
In: Computers & Graphics, pp. 319-393, 22, (2-3), [Article]

Abstract

This article presents the vision "A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning". The paper as a whole summarises the results of a project funded by the Ministry of Industrial Development of Sabah, Malaysia. The goal of the project was to develop a concept for IT-based Lifelong Learning including a case study based on a specific curriculum and considerations about potential business opportunities. Within the project experienced international researchers in the area of IT-based learning and training worked together in two preparation workshops and a final workshop about "IT-Based Lifelong Learning Systems" in Sabah, Malaysia, in March, 1997. The paper is based on the experiences of the authors from the International Network of Institutes for Computer Graphics (INI-GraphicsNet) in several R&D projects and has been reviewed, refined and revised by a group of local experts as well as several well renowned international experts and local/regional experts (Appendix A). The editors of the vision paper are J. L. Encarnacao, M. Mengel and P. R. Bono. Section 1 presents first the motivation of the paper, then international trends and the vision of an IT- based learning infrastructure integrating all parts of the society. The resulting goal, advising on how to go forward into the direction of the named vision, finalizes the Introduction. Section 2 discusses the various roles of an IT-based learning environment and identifies user needs and requirements. Section 3 proposes concepts for, and an architecture of, a learning system for IT-based lifelong learning. Section 4 focuses on the Technical Implementation of the proposed system architecture. A generic approach for IT-based lifelong learning based on a conceptual system architecture is presented. This approach distinguishes between the services and environment of such a system. Firstly, the services offered by the system are described in more detail. These services include data management, cooperation and security services that are role- and activity-independent and have to be adapted to the underlying technical resources. Then the environments, including authoring, delivery and administration environments realizing a specific functionality for a specific user role and activity, are presented. The section is completed by addressing issues for a concrete implementation including implementation guidelines and assessment criteria and an implementation strategy to reduce the technological risk is suggested. Section 5 describes a case study which will be initiated cooperatively by leading experts from the fields of visualization, multimedia, interaction and communication. This case study provides a narrow vertical section through the layers of the approach to lifelong learning both to demonstrate its effective- ness and to permit the evaluation of its efficiency. Section 6 outlines a plan for the realization of the project as a whole. A glossary and bibliography complete the main part of the paper. In Appendix B (Recommendations), Appendix C (Project References), and Appendix D (Open Issues), are presented. # 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1998
Creators: Encarnação, José L. and Mengel, Maximilian and Bono, Peter R. and Böhm, Klaus and Borgmeier, Elmar and Brisson Lopes, J.M. and Hornung, Christoph and Knierriem-Jasnoch, Anette and Koch, Eckhard and Krömker, Detlef and Lindner, Rolf and Paris, Cesar and Sandberg, A. and Schnaider, Michael and Storck, Dietmar and Teixeira, José Carlos and Urban, Bodo and Wang, T.
Title: A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning
Language: English
Abstract:

This article presents the vision "A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning". The paper as a whole summarises the results of a project funded by the Ministry of Industrial Development of Sabah, Malaysia. The goal of the project was to develop a concept for IT-based Lifelong Learning including a case study based on a specific curriculum and considerations about potential business opportunities. Within the project experienced international researchers in the area of IT-based learning and training worked together in two preparation workshops and a final workshop about "IT-Based Lifelong Learning Systems" in Sabah, Malaysia, in March, 1997. The paper is based on the experiences of the authors from the International Network of Institutes for Computer Graphics (INI-GraphicsNet) in several R&D projects and has been reviewed, refined and revised by a group of local experts as well as several well renowned international experts and local/regional experts (Appendix A). The editors of the vision paper are J. L. Encarnacao, M. Mengel and P. R. Bono. Section 1 presents first the motivation of the paper, then international trends and the vision of an IT- based learning infrastructure integrating all parts of the society. The resulting goal, advising on how to go forward into the direction of the named vision, finalizes the Introduction. Section 2 discusses the various roles of an IT-based learning environment and identifies user needs and requirements. Section 3 proposes concepts for, and an architecture of, a learning system for IT-based lifelong learning. Section 4 focuses on the Technical Implementation of the proposed system architecture. A generic approach for IT-based lifelong learning based on a conceptual system architecture is presented. This approach distinguishes between the services and environment of such a system. Firstly, the services offered by the system are described in more detail. These services include data management, cooperation and security services that are role- and activity-independent and have to be adapted to the underlying technical resources. Then the environments, including authoring, delivery and administration environments realizing a specific functionality for a specific user role and activity, are presented. The section is completed by addressing issues for a concrete implementation including implementation guidelines and assessment criteria and an implementation strategy to reduce the technological risk is suggested. Section 5 describes a case study which will be initiated cooperatively by leading experts from the fields of visualization, multimedia, interaction and communication. This case study provides a narrow vertical section through the layers of the approach to lifelong learning both to demonstrate its effective- ness and to permit the evaluation of its efficiency. Section 6 outlines a plan for the realization of the project as a whole. A glossary and bibliography complete the main part of the paper. In Appendix B (Recommendations), Appendix C (Project References), and Appendix D (Open Issues), are presented. # 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Journal or Publication Title: Computers & Graphics
Volume: 22
Number: 2-3
Uncontrolled Keywords: IT-based learning, E-Learning environments, Learning management systems (LMS)
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Interactive Graphics Systems
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2018 09:06
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