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A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning

Encarnação, José L. ; Mengel, Maximilian ; Bono, Peter R. ; Böhm, Klaus ; Borgmeier, Elmar ; Brisson Lopes, J. M. ; Hornung, Christoph ; Knierriem-Jasnoch, Anette ; Koch, Eckhard ; Krömker, Detlef ; Lindner, Rolf ; Paris, Cesar ; Sandberg, A. ; Schnaider, Michael ; Storck, Dietmar ; Teixeira, José Carlos ; Urban, Bodo ; Wang, T. (1998):
A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning.
In: Computers & Graphics, 22 (2-3), pp. 319-393. [Article]

Abstract

This article presents the vision "A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning". The paper as a whole summarises the results of a project funded by the Ministry of Industrial Development of Sabah, Malaysia. The goal of the project was to develop a concept for IT-based Lifelong Learning including a case study based on a specific curriculum and considerations about potential business opportunities. Within the project experienced international researchers in the area of IT-based learning and training worked together in two preparation workshops and a final workshop about "IT-Based Lifelong Learning Systems" in Sabah, Malaysia, in March, 1997. The paper is based on the experiences of the authors from the International Network of Institutes for Computer Graphics (INI-GraphicsNet) in several R&D projects and has been reviewed, refined and revised by a group of local experts as well as several well renowned international experts and local/regional experts (Appendix A). The editors of the vision paper are J. L. Encarnacao, M. Mengel and P. R. Bono. Section 1 presents first the motivation of the paper, then international trends and the vision of an IT- based learning infrastructure integrating all parts of the society. The resulting goal, advising on how to go forward into the direction of the named vision, finalizes the Introduction. Section 2 discusses the various roles of an IT-based learning environment and identifies user needs and requirements. Section 3 proposes concepts for, and an architecture of, a learning system for IT-based lifelong learning. Section 4 focuses on the Technical Implementation of the proposed system architecture. A generic approach for IT-based lifelong learning based on a conceptual system architecture is presented. This approach distinguishes between the services and environment of such a system. Firstly, the services offered by the system are described in more detail. These services include data management, cooperation and security services that are role- and activity-independent and have to be adapted to the underlying technical resources. Then the environments, including authoring, delivery and administration environments realizing a specific functionality for a specific user role and activity, are presented. The section is completed by addressing issues for a concrete implementation including implementation guidelines and assessment criteria and an implementation strategy to reduce the technological risk is suggested. Section 5 describes a case study which will be initiated cooperatively by leading experts from the fields of visualization, multimedia, interaction and communication. This case study provides a narrow vertical section through the layers of the approach to lifelong learning both to demonstrate its effective- ness and to permit the evaluation of its efficiency. Section 6 outlines a plan for the realization of the project as a whole. A glossary and bibliography complete the main part of the paper. In Appendix B (Recommendations), Appendix C (Project References), and Appendix D (Open Issues), are presented. # 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1998
Creators: Encarnação, José L. ; Mengel, Maximilian ; Bono, Peter R. ; Böhm, Klaus ; Borgmeier, Elmar ; Brisson Lopes, J. M. ; Hornung, Christoph ; Knierriem-Jasnoch, Anette ; Koch, Eckhard ; Krömker, Detlef ; Lindner, Rolf ; Paris, Cesar ; Sandberg, A. ; Schnaider, Michael ; Storck, Dietmar ; Teixeira, José Carlos ; Urban, Bodo ; Wang, T.
Title: A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning
Language: English
Abstract:

This article presents the vision "A Concept and System Architecture for IT-Based Lifelong Learning". The paper as a whole summarises the results of a project funded by the Ministry of Industrial Development of Sabah, Malaysia. The goal of the project was to develop a concept for IT-based Lifelong Learning including a case study based on a specific curriculum and considerations about potential business opportunities. Within the project experienced international researchers in the area of IT-based learning and training worked together in two preparation workshops and a final workshop about "IT-Based Lifelong Learning Systems" in Sabah, Malaysia, in March, 1997. The paper is based on the experiences of the authors from the International Network of Institutes for Computer Graphics (INI-GraphicsNet) in several R&D projects and has been reviewed, refined and revised by a group of local experts as well as several well renowned international experts and local/regional experts (Appendix A). The editors of the vision paper are J. L. Encarnacao, M. Mengel and P. R. Bono. Section 1 presents first the motivation of the paper, then international trends and the vision of an IT- based learning infrastructure integrating all parts of the society. The resulting goal, advising on how to go forward into the direction of the named vision, finalizes the Introduction. Section 2 discusses the various roles of an IT-based learning environment and identifies user needs and requirements. Section 3 proposes concepts for, and an architecture of, a learning system for IT-based lifelong learning. Section 4 focuses on the Technical Implementation of the proposed system architecture. A generic approach for IT-based lifelong learning based on a conceptual system architecture is presented. This approach distinguishes between the services and environment of such a system. Firstly, the services offered by the system are described in more detail. These services include data management, cooperation and security services that are role- and activity-independent and have to be adapted to the underlying technical resources. Then the environments, including authoring, delivery and administration environments realizing a specific functionality for a specific user role and activity, are presented. The section is completed by addressing issues for a concrete implementation including implementation guidelines and assessment criteria and an implementation strategy to reduce the technological risk is suggested. Section 5 describes a case study which will be initiated cooperatively by leading experts from the fields of visualization, multimedia, interaction and communication. This case study provides a narrow vertical section through the layers of the approach to lifelong learning both to demonstrate its effective- ness and to permit the evaluation of its efficiency. Section 6 outlines a plan for the realization of the project as a whole. A glossary and bibliography complete the main part of the paper. In Appendix B (Recommendations), Appendix C (Project References), and Appendix D (Open Issues), are presented. # 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Journal or Publication Title: Computers & Graphics
Journal volume: 22
Number: 2-3
Uncontrolled Keywords: IT-based learning, E-Learning environments, Learning management systems (LMS)
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Interactive Graphics Systems
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2018 09:06
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