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Is Li-doped MgAl2O4 a potential solid electrolyte for an all-spinel Li-ion battery?

Djenadic, Ruzica and Botros, Miriam and Hahn, Horst (2016):
Is Li-doped MgAl2O4 a potential solid electrolyte for an all-spinel Li-ion battery?
In: Solid State Ionics, 287, pp. 71-76. Elsevier Science BV, Netherlands, ISSN 01672738,
[Article]

Abstract

The ionic conductivity of Li-doped MgAl2O4 (LMAO), which is considered as a potential solid electrolyte for an all-spinel Li-ion battery, has not been investigated so far. Only NMR studies, which give information about the mobility or the Li-ion diffusion on local (microscopic) level, are performed on this system, but they do not give information about the long-range Li-ion diffusion, which is required for solid electrolyte application. Therefore, ionic conductivity study i.e., impedance spectroscopy, which provides insight into Li-ion diffusion on microscopic scale, is of great importance. The results reported here reveal for the first time ionic conductivity of LMAO ceramics and give insight into whether this material system has a potential for application as a solid electrolyte. The LMAO powders, with an average grain size of 55 nm, are synthesized by nebulized spray pyrolysis (NSP) and processed into dense ceramics (95-98% TD) using spark plasma sintering (SPS). The decrease of the lattice parameter with Li-doping indicates the incorporation of lithium into the spinel structure. X-ray diffraction structural analysis shows a systematic decrease of the occupancy of Al-octahedral (16d) sites with Li-doping, indicating that a fraction of the Li+ ions are located on the octahedral (16d) sites, and at the same time in order to retain charge neutrality, some of the Al3+ ions are moved to the tetrahedral (8a) sites. The conductivity study reveals that even at a high temperature (similar to 300 degrees C) the value of the Li-ion conductivity of LMAO, in the order of 10(-7) S.CM-1 is poor and at room temperature it is substantially lower (similar to 10(-14) S.cm(-1)). While the origin of this low conductivity remains unclear, it could be related either to the nano- and microstructure of the sintered ceramic or to the distribution of Li+ ions inside the lattice. Nevertheless, the results presented here suggest that more conductivity studies have to be performed in order to draw a final conclusion about potential of LMAO ceramics for application as a solid electrolyte in Li-ion batteries. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2016
Creators: Djenadic, Ruzica and Botros, Miriam and Hahn, Horst
Title: Is Li-doped MgAl2O4 a potential solid electrolyte for an all-spinel Li-ion battery?
Language: English
Abstract:

The ionic conductivity of Li-doped MgAl2O4 (LMAO), which is considered as a potential solid electrolyte for an all-spinel Li-ion battery, has not been investigated so far. Only NMR studies, which give information about the mobility or the Li-ion diffusion on local (microscopic) level, are performed on this system, but they do not give information about the long-range Li-ion diffusion, which is required for solid electrolyte application. Therefore, ionic conductivity study i.e., impedance spectroscopy, which provides insight into Li-ion diffusion on microscopic scale, is of great importance. The results reported here reveal for the first time ionic conductivity of LMAO ceramics and give insight into whether this material system has a potential for application as a solid electrolyte. The LMAO powders, with an average grain size of 55 nm, are synthesized by nebulized spray pyrolysis (NSP) and processed into dense ceramics (95-98% TD) using spark plasma sintering (SPS). The decrease of the lattice parameter with Li-doping indicates the incorporation of lithium into the spinel structure. X-ray diffraction structural analysis shows a systematic decrease of the occupancy of Al-octahedral (16d) sites with Li-doping, indicating that a fraction of the Li+ ions are located on the octahedral (16d) sites, and at the same time in order to retain charge neutrality, some of the Al3+ ions are moved to the tetrahedral (8a) sites. The conductivity study reveals that even at a high temperature (similar to 300 degrees C) the value of the Li-ion conductivity of LMAO, in the order of 10(-7) S.CM-1 is poor and at room temperature it is substantially lower (similar to 10(-14) S.cm(-1)). While the origin of this low conductivity remains unclear, it could be related either to the nano- and microstructure of the sintered ceramic or to the distribution of Li+ ions inside the lattice. Nevertheless, the results presented here suggest that more conductivity studies have to be performed in order to draw a final conclusion about potential of LMAO ceramics for application as a solid electrolyte in Li-ion batteries. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Journal or Publication Title: Solid State Ionics
Journal volume: 287
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV, Netherlands
Uncontrolled Keywords: Solid electrolyte, Spinel, Ionic conductivity, Nanoceramics, Spark plasma sintering
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Joint Research Laboratory Nanomaterials
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2017 08:00
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2016.02.008
Identification Number: doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2016.02.008
Funders: The authors would like to thank the Helmholtz Association (Germany) for financial support through the Helmholtz Portfolio Project "Electrochemical Storage in System-Reliability and Integration.
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