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Start-up of a full-scale deammonification SBR-treating effluent from digested sludge dewatering

Lackner, Susanne and Thoma, Konrad and Gilbert, Eva M. and Gander, Wolfgang and Schreff, Dieter and Horn, Harald (2015):
Start-up of a full-scale deammonification SBR-treating effluent from digested sludge dewatering.
In: Water Science & Technology, IWA Publishing, pp. 553-559, 71, (4), ISSN 0273-1223,
[Article]

Abstract

This study shows the start-up and operation of a full-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with a volume of 550 m³ for deammonification of reject water from sludge dewatering over the first 650 days of operation. The SBR was operated with discontinuous aeration and achieved an optimum of around 85% of ammonium removal at a load of 0.17 kg m−3 d−1. The application of batch tests for activity measurement of aerobic ammonium and nitrite oxidizing bacteria and anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria proved to support the identification of setbacks in reactor operation. Furthermore, the calculation of the oxygen uptake rates from online oxygen measurements helped to explain the overall reactor performance. The aeration regime is a key parameter for stable operation of such an SBR for deammonification. At aeration/non-aeration time ratios of 6–9 min, the best results with respect to turnover rates and low nitrate production were achieved. Compared to the nitrification/denitrification SBR operated in parallel with methanol as carbon source, a significant reduction in costs for energy and chemicals was achieved. The costs for maintenance slightly increased.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2015
Creators: Lackner, Susanne and Thoma, Konrad and Gilbert, Eva M. and Gander, Wolfgang and Schreff, Dieter and Horn, Harald
Title: Start-up of a full-scale deammonification SBR-treating effluent from digested sludge dewatering
Language: English
Abstract:

This study shows the start-up and operation of a full-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with a volume of 550 m³ for deammonification of reject water from sludge dewatering over the first 650 days of operation. The SBR was operated with discontinuous aeration and achieved an optimum of around 85% of ammonium removal at a load of 0.17 kg m−3 d−1. The application of batch tests for activity measurement of aerobic ammonium and nitrite oxidizing bacteria and anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria proved to support the identification of setbacks in reactor operation. Furthermore, the calculation of the oxygen uptake rates from online oxygen measurements helped to explain the overall reactor performance. The aeration regime is a key parameter for stable operation of such an SBR for deammonification. At aeration/non-aeration time ratios of 6–9 min, the best results with respect to turnover rates and low nitrate production were achieved. Compared to the nitrification/denitrification SBR operated in parallel with methanol as carbon source, a significant reduction in costs for energy and chemicals was achieved. The costs for maintenance slightly increased.

Journal or Publication Title: Water Science & Technology
Volume: 71
Number: 4
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Uncontrolled Keywords: aeration; anammox; batch activity test; comparison to nitrification/denitrification; partial nitritation; solids regime
Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute IWAR
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute IWAR > Wastewater Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2018 09:53
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