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Temporal shifts in Freight Traffic: Estimating the Potential to Improve Traffic Quality on German Highways with Temporal Shifts of Heavy Traffic

Boltze, Manfred and Menges, Karin (2017):
Temporal shifts in Freight Traffic: Estimating the Potential to Improve Traffic Quality on German Highways with Temporal Shifts of Heavy Traffic.
In: Dynamic and Seamless Integration of Production, Logistics and Traffic. Fundamentals of Interdisciplinary Decision, Springer Verlag, pp. 145-161, [Book Section]

Abstract

In the years ahead, the problems of increasing capacity constraints on German roads will increase due to the expected growth of road freight transport. Temporal shift of freight transport may be suitable for a more efficient use of existing infrastructure. This chapter analyses the theoretical potential for a temporal shift of truck traffic by taking the example of selected highway sections in the German Region Frankfurt RheinMain. The analysis shows that peak loads in truck traffic are considerably weaker than in passenger car traffic. One reason is a higher efficiency in truck traffic compared to passenger car traffic. Furthermore, the observed proportion of trucks during peak loads of total traffic is usually below 12 %. The expected contribution of temporal shift of truck trips to avoid congestion is rather low; therefore, possibilities for temporal shift of traffic in peak loads must be primarily searched in passenger car traffic. Opportunities for temporal shifts of truck traffic may result from changes of production and logistics processes, which enable increased transport by night.

Item Type: Book Section
Erschienen: 2017
Creators: Boltze, Manfred and Menges, Karin
Title: Temporal shifts in Freight Traffic: Estimating the Potential to Improve Traffic Quality on German Highways with Temporal Shifts of Heavy Traffic
Language: German
Abstract:

In the years ahead, the problems of increasing capacity constraints on German roads will increase due to the expected growth of road freight transport. Temporal shift of freight transport may be suitable for a more efficient use of existing infrastructure. This chapter analyses the theoretical potential for a temporal shift of truck traffic by taking the example of selected highway sections in the German Region Frankfurt RheinMain. The analysis shows that peak loads in truck traffic are considerably weaker than in passenger car traffic. One reason is a higher efficiency in truck traffic compared to passenger car traffic. Furthermore, the observed proportion of trucks during peak loads of total traffic is usually below 12 %. The expected contribution of temporal shift of truck trips to avoid congestion is rather low; therefore, possibilities for temporal shift of traffic in peak loads must be primarily searched in passenger car traffic. Opportunities for temporal shifts of truck traffic may result from changes of production and logistics processes, which enable increased transport by night.

Title of Book: Dynamic and Seamless Integration of Production, Logistics and Traffic. Fundamentals of Interdisciplinary Decision
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Uncontrolled Keywords: Freight traffic – Temporal shift – Transport demand management – Pattern analysis
Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institutes of Transportation
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institutes of Transportation > Institute for Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2017 11:05
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