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Influence of phase transitions and defect associates on the oxygen migration in the ion conductor Na_1/2Bi_1/2TiO_3

Meyer, Kai-Christian and Albe, Karsten (2017):
Influence of phase transitions and defect associates on the oxygen migration in the ion conductor Na_1/2Bi_1/2TiO_3.
In: J. Mater. Chem. A, pp. 4368-4375, 5, (9), ISSN 2050-7488,
[Online-Edition: http://doi.org/10.1039/C6TA10566A],
[Article]

Abstract

Doped or non-stoichiometric Na_1/2Bi_1/2TiO_3 (NBT) exhibits an ion conductivity comparable to yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) [M. Li et al., Nat. Mater., 2014, 13, 31–35], with a temperature dependent activation energy. To understand the origin of this temperature dependence we calculated oxygen vacancy migration barriers for three different phases of NBT by means of nudged elastic band calculations within a density functional theory (DFT) approach. We find that for structures with rock-salt ordered A-cations (111-order), the room temperature rhombohedral phase, the intermediate orthorhombic phase and the high temperature tetragonal phase show different migration barriers, decreasing from the rhombohedral to the tetragonal phase. The change in migration barriers from the rhombohedral to tetragonal phase is, however, not large enough to explain the experimentally observed difference. At lower temperatures, the association of oxygen vacancies with either Mg dopants or Bi vacancies increases the activation energy for the migration of oxygen vacancies. Thus, a combination of phase dependent migration barriers and defect association can explain the temperature dependent change in activation energy. Further, when a layered A-cation order (001-order) is present, the oxygen vacancies prefer to be located within the Bi-layer and a fast diffusion along the Bi-layer can occur. Large migration barriers are due to electronic defect states of the migrating oxygen ion.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2017
Creators: Meyer, Kai-Christian and Albe, Karsten
Title: Influence of phase transitions and defect associates on the oxygen migration in the ion conductor Na_1/2Bi_1/2TiO_3
Language: English
Abstract:

Doped or non-stoichiometric Na_1/2Bi_1/2TiO_3 (NBT) exhibits an ion conductivity comparable to yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) [M. Li et al., Nat. Mater., 2014, 13, 31–35], with a temperature dependent activation energy. To understand the origin of this temperature dependence we calculated oxygen vacancy migration barriers for three different phases of NBT by means of nudged elastic band calculations within a density functional theory (DFT) approach. We find that for structures with rock-salt ordered A-cations (111-order), the room temperature rhombohedral phase, the intermediate orthorhombic phase and the high temperature tetragonal phase show different migration barriers, decreasing from the rhombohedral to the tetragonal phase. The change in migration barriers from the rhombohedral to tetragonal phase is, however, not large enough to explain the experimentally observed difference. At lower temperatures, the association of oxygen vacancies with either Mg dopants or Bi vacancies increases the activation energy for the migration of oxygen vacancies. Thus, a combination of phase dependent migration barriers and defect association can explain the temperature dependent change in activation energy. Further, when a layered A-cation order (001-order) is present, the oxygen vacancies prefer to be located within the Bi-layer and a fast diffusion along the Bi-layer can occur. Large migration barriers are due to electronic defect states of the migrating oxygen ion.

Journal or Publication Title: J. Mater. Chem. A
Volume: 5
Number: 9
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Materials Modelling
Zentrale Einrichtungen > University IT-Service and Computing Centre (HRZ) > Hochleistungsrechner
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
Zentrale Einrichtungen > University IT-Service and Computing Centre (HRZ)
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Zentrale Einrichtungen
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2017 13:19
Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1039/C6TA10566A
Identification Number: doi:10.1039/C6TA10566A
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