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Vibration-based energy harvesting with a clamped piezoelectric circular diaphragm: analysis and identification of optimal structural parameters

Yang, Yangyiwei and Wang, Shuai and Stein, Peter and Xu, Bai-Xiang and Yang, Tongqing (2017):
Vibration-based energy harvesting with a clamped piezoelectric circular diaphragm: analysis and identification of optimal structural parameters.
In: Smart Materials and Structures, IOP Science, pp. 045011, 26, (4), ISSN 0964-1726, 1361-665X,
[Article]

Abstract

Due to many potential promising applications, vibration-based piezoelectric energy harvesters (VPEH) with a clamped circular diaphragm are an intensively studied design in the field of piezoelectric energy harvesters. Nonetheless, their performance still leaves space for improvement, which is the primary target of this article. We define two structural parameters, namely the ratio piv 1 between the bonding area and the piezoceramic diameter as well as the ratio piv 2 between the clamping rim and the substrate diameter, to characterize these structures. A vibration model is developed in order to provide an analytical foundation for the identification of optimal parameters piv 1 and piv 2. It is verified by finite-element simulations and substantive experiments. The results allow to relate the device performance, including resonance frequency and output power, to piv 1 and piv 2. This shows that the output rises with increasing piv 2, and that the maximum output for a given piv 2 always lies in the range ${\varpi }_{1}\in (\mathrm{0.1,}\,0.2).$ Based on this observation, an improved harvester structure with a pre-stress of 0.3 N is identified, that exhibits a matched power up to 16.3 mW at 219 Hz. This demonstrates the feasibility to achieve VPEHs with higher outputs and lower eigenfrequency through simultaneous modification of piv 1 and piv 2, which is highly beneficial for low-frequency energy harvesting.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2017
Creators: Yang, Yangyiwei and Wang, Shuai and Stein, Peter and Xu, Bai-Xiang and Yang, Tongqing
Title: Vibration-based energy harvesting with a clamped piezoelectric circular diaphragm: analysis and identification of optimal structural parameters
Language: English
Abstract:

Due to many potential promising applications, vibration-based piezoelectric energy harvesters (VPEH) with a clamped circular diaphragm are an intensively studied design in the field of piezoelectric energy harvesters. Nonetheless, their performance still leaves space for improvement, which is the primary target of this article. We define two structural parameters, namely the ratio piv 1 between the bonding area and the piezoceramic diameter as well as the ratio piv 2 between the clamping rim and the substrate diameter, to characterize these structures. A vibration model is developed in order to provide an analytical foundation for the identification of optimal parameters piv 1 and piv 2. It is verified by finite-element simulations and substantive experiments. The results allow to relate the device performance, including resonance frequency and output power, to piv 1 and piv 2. This shows that the output rises with increasing piv 2, and that the maximum output for a given piv 2 always lies in the range ${\varpi }_{1}\in (\mathrm{0.1,}\,0.2).$ Based on this observation, an improved harvester structure with a pre-stress of 0.3 N is identified, that exhibits a matched power up to 16.3 mW at 219 Hz. This demonstrates the feasibility to achieve VPEHs with higher outputs and lower eigenfrequency through simultaneous modification of piv 1 and piv 2, which is highly beneficial for low-frequency energy harvesting.

Journal or Publication Title: Smart Materials and Structures
Volume: 26
Number: 4
Publisher: IOP Science
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Mechanics of functional Materials
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2017 13:14
Identification Number: doi:10.1088/1361-665X/aa5fda
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