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Nano- and microstructured silver films synthesised by halide-assisted electroless plating

Muench, Falk and Juretzka, Benjamin and Narayan, Suman and Radetinac, Aldin and Flege, Stefan and Schaefer, Sandra and Stark, Robert W. and Ensinger, Wolfgang :
Nano- and microstructured silver films synthesised by halide-assisted electroless plating.
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5NJ00952A]
In: New Journal of Chemistry, 39 (9) pp. 6803-6812. ISSN 1144-0546
[Article] , (2015)

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5NJ00952A

Abstract

Electroless silver plating baths were modified with different amounts of chloride and bromide, and the effect on the deposition kinetics and the morphology of the resulting silver films was evaluated. The baths were based on silver nitrate and tartrate as the metal source and the reducing agent. Ethylenediamine was used as the complexing agent to suppress silver halide precipitation. With increasing halide concentration, a reduction in the deposition rate and a decreased tendency towards three-dimensional nucleation was found. Bromide affected the plating reaction more strongly than chloride. The deposit morphologies range from coarse-grained, compact particle aggregates over bimodal structures composed of island-like microparticles and smaller particles of varying geometry to shape-controlled films dominated by plates with a triangular or hexagonal shape. The fabrication of silver films of adjustable micro- and nanostructure is relevant for various applications such as heterogeneous catalysis, sensing and plasmonics. As an example for structural tailoring enabled by the outlined reaction system, we created a biomimetic, self-cleaning coating possessing a static contact angle of 165 +/- 3 degrees and a tilt angle of <3 degrees. To this end, a hydrophobic metal surface was designed which exhibits a superimposed roughness on the micrometre and submicron scale. The former was defined by the silver deposition, the latter by consecutive galvanic replacement. To achieve superhydrophobic properties, the metal surface was coated with an alkanethiol self-assembled monolayer.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2015
Creators: Muench, Falk and Juretzka, Benjamin and Narayan, Suman and Radetinac, Aldin and Flege, Stefan and Schaefer, Sandra and Stark, Robert W. and Ensinger, Wolfgang
Title: Nano- and microstructured silver films synthesised by halide-assisted electroless plating
Language: English
Abstract:

Electroless silver plating baths were modified with different amounts of chloride and bromide, and the effect on the deposition kinetics and the morphology of the resulting silver films was evaluated. The baths were based on silver nitrate and tartrate as the metal source and the reducing agent. Ethylenediamine was used as the complexing agent to suppress silver halide precipitation. With increasing halide concentration, a reduction in the deposition rate and a decreased tendency towards three-dimensional nucleation was found. Bromide affected the plating reaction more strongly than chloride. The deposit morphologies range from coarse-grained, compact particle aggregates over bimodal structures composed of island-like microparticles and smaller particles of varying geometry to shape-controlled films dominated by plates with a triangular or hexagonal shape. The fabrication of silver films of adjustable micro- and nanostructure is relevant for various applications such as heterogeneous catalysis, sensing and plasmonics. As an example for structural tailoring enabled by the outlined reaction system, we created a biomimetic, self-cleaning coating possessing a static contact angle of 165 +/- 3 degrees and a tilt angle of <3 degrees. To this end, a hydrophobic metal surface was designed which exhibits a superimposed roughness on the micrometre and submicron scale. The former was defined by the silver deposition, the latter by consecutive galvanic replacement. To achieve superhydrophobic properties, the metal surface was coated with an alkanethiol self-assembled monolayer.

Journal or Publication Title: New Journal of Chemistry
Volume: 39
Number: 9
Publisher: ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, CAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Advanced Thin Film Technology
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Material Analytics
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Dispersive Solids
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Physics of Surfaces
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2016 08:43
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5NJ00952A
Identification Number: doi:10.1039/C5NJ00952A
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