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Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality.

Soliveres, Santiago ; Manning, Peter ; Prati, Daniel ; Gossner, Martin M. ; Alt, Fabian ; Arndt, Hartmut ; Baumgartner, Vanessa ; Binkenstein, Julia ; Birkhofer, Klaus ; Blaser, Stefan ; Blüthgen, Nico ; Boch, Steffen ; Böhm, Stefan ; Börschig, Carmen ; Buscot, Francois ; Diekötter, Tim ; Heinze, Johannes ; Hölzel, Norbert ; Jung, Kirsten ; Klaus, Valentin H. ; Klein, Alexandra-Maria ; Kleinebecker, Till ; Klemmer, Sandra ; Krauss, Jochen ; Lange, Markus ; Morris, E. Kathryn ; Müller, Jörg ; Oelmann, Yvonne ; Overmann, Jörg ; Pašalić, Esther ; Renner, Swen C. ; Rillig, Matthias C. ; Schaefer, H. Martin ; Schloter, Michael ; Schmitt, Barbara ; Schöning, Ingo ; Schrumpf, Marion ; Sikorski, Johannes ; Socher, Stephanie A. ; Solly, Emily F. ; Sonnemann, Ilja ; Sorkau, Elisabeth ; Steckel, Juliane ; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf ; Stempfhuber, Barbara ; Tschapka, Marco ; Türke, Manfred ; Venter, Paul ; Weiner, Christiane N. ; Weisser, Wolfgang W. ; Werner, Michael ; Westphal, Catrin ; Wilcke, Wolfgang ; Wolters, Volkmar ; Wubet, Tesfaye ; Wurst, Susanne ; Fischer, Markus ; Allan, Eric (2016):
Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality.
In: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 371 (1694), ISSN 1471-2970,
[Article]

Abstract

Species diversity promotes the delivery of multiple ecosystem functions (multifunctionality). However, the relative functional importance of rare and common species in driving the biodiversity-multifunctionality relationship remains unknown. We studied the relationship between the diversity of rare and common species (according to their local abundances and across nine different trophic groups), and multifunctionality indices derived from 14 ecosystem functions on 150 grasslands across a land-use intensity (LUI) gradient. The diversity of above- and below-ground rare species had opposite effects, with rare above-ground species being associated with high levels of multifunctionality, probably because their effects on different functions did not trade off against each other. Conversely, common species were only related to average, not high, levels of multifunctionality, and their functional effects declined with LUI. Apart from the community-level effects of diversity, we found significant positive associations between the abundance of individual species and multifunctionality in 6% of the species tested. Species-specific functional effects were best predicted by their response to LUI: species that declined in abundance with land use intensification were those associated with higher levels of multifunctionality. Our results highlight the importance of rare species for ecosystem multifunctionality and help guiding future conservation priorities.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2016
Creators: Soliveres, Santiago ; Manning, Peter ; Prati, Daniel ; Gossner, Martin M. ; Alt, Fabian ; Arndt, Hartmut ; Baumgartner, Vanessa ; Binkenstein, Julia ; Birkhofer, Klaus ; Blaser, Stefan ; Blüthgen, Nico ; Boch, Steffen ; Böhm, Stefan ; Börschig, Carmen ; Buscot, Francois ; Diekötter, Tim ; Heinze, Johannes ; Hölzel, Norbert ; Jung, Kirsten ; Klaus, Valentin H. ; Klein, Alexandra-Maria ; Kleinebecker, Till ; Klemmer, Sandra ; Krauss, Jochen ; Lange, Markus ; Morris, E. Kathryn ; Müller, Jörg ; Oelmann, Yvonne ; Overmann, Jörg ; Pašalić, Esther ; Renner, Swen C. ; Rillig, Matthias C. ; Schaefer, H. Martin ; Schloter, Michael ; Schmitt, Barbara ; Schöning, Ingo ; Schrumpf, Marion ; Sikorski, Johannes ; Socher, Stephanie A. ; Solly, Emily F. ; Sonnemann, Ilja ; Sorkau, Elisabeth ; Steckel, Juliane ; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf ; Stempfhuber, Barbara ; Tschapka, Marco ; Türke, Manfred ; Venter, Paul ; Weiner, Christiane N. ; Weisser, Wolfgang W. ; Werner, Michael ; Westphal, Catrin ; Wilcke, Wolfgang ; Wolters, Volkmar ; Wubet, Tesfaye ; Wurst, Susanne ; Fischer, Markus ; Allan, Eric
Title: Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality.
Language: English
Abstract:

Species diversity promotes the delivery of multiple ecosystem functions (multifunctionality). However, the relative functional importance of rare and common species in driving the biodiversity-multifunctionality relationship remains unknown. We studied the relationship between the diversity of rare and common species (according to their local abundances and across nine different trophic groups), and multifunctionality indices derived from 14 ecosystem functions on 150 grasslands across a land-use intensity (LUI) gradient. The diversity of above- and below-ground rare species had opposite effects, with rare above-ground species being associated with high levels of multifunctionality, probably because their effects on different functions did not trade off against each other. Conversely, common species were only related to average, not high, levels of multifunctionality, and their functional effects declined with LUI. Apart from the community-level effects of diversity, we found significant positive associations between the abundance of individual species and multifunctionality in 6% of the species tested. Species-specific functional effects were best predicted by their response to LUI: species that declined in abundance with land use intensification were those associated with higher levels of multifunctionality. Our results highlight the importance of rare species for ecosystem multifunctionality and help guiding future conservation priorities.

Journal or Publication Title: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
Journal volume: 371
Number: 1694
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Synthetic Ecological Networks
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 09:30
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