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Environment-responsive Traffic Control

Boltze, Manfred and Kohoutek, Sven (2010):
Environment-responsive Traffic Control.
In: General proceedings of the World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR), In: World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR), Lissabon, 11-15 Juli 2010, [Online-Edition: http://www.verkehr.tu-darmstadt.de/media/verkehr/fgvv/prof_b...],
[Conference or Workshop Item]

Abstract

This article describes some fundamentals for an environment-responsive traffic control. Itstarts with a brief description of the needs to consider environmental aspects in urban trafficcontrol, focusing on noise, particular matters (PM), and nitrogen oxides (NOx). Respectivecurrent regulations by law in Europe and Germany are explained. Comparing the regulationsfor the improvement of air quality and for noise reduction, important similarities anddifferences are pointed out.In the next section, the idea of a dynamic traffic control is introduced, which takes intoaccount not only the traffic situation, but also the current environmental situation.Systematically, the different options of dynamic measures to influence traffic volumes andtraffic flow are being analyzed and assessed for their general potential to improve theenvironmental situation while avoiding unnecessaryrestrictions for motorized traffic. An overview on measures is given whichhave been applied so far to improve the environ-mental situation, concentrating on traffic control measures. E.g. this includes approaches tooptimize traffic signal control, restrictions forheavy vehicles to pass certain parts of thenetwork, “environmental zones” (Umweltzonen), and speed limits.Furthermore, different methods to assess the potential of traffic control measures as a basisfor a situation-dependent selection of measures are described, especially regarding thequality of their results (accuracy, time resolution, and spatial transferability). Concluding, research and development needs are outlined.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 2010
Creators: Boltze, Manfred and Kohoutek, Sven
Title: Environment-responsive Traffic Control
Language: English
Abstract:

This article describes some fundamentals for an environment-responsive traffic control. Itstarts with a brief description of the needs to consider environmental aspects in urban trafficcontrol, focusing on noise, particular matters (PM), and nitrogen oxides (NOx). Respectivecurrent regulations by law in Europe and Germany are explained. Comparing the regulationsfor the improvement of air quality and for noise reduction, important similarities anddifferences are pointed out.In the next section, the idea of a dynamic traffic control is introduced, which takes intoaccount not only the traffic situation, but also the current environmental situation.Systematically, the different options of dynamic measures to influence traffic volumes andtraffic flow are being analyzed and assessed for their general potential to improve theenvironmental situation while avoiding unnecessaryrestrictions for motorized traffic. An overview on measures is given whichhave been applied so far to improve the environ-mental situation, concentrating on traffic control measures. E.g. this includes approaches tooptimize traffic signal control, restrictions forheavy vehicles to pass certain parts of thenetwork, “environmental zones” (Umweltzonen), and speed limits.Furthermore, different methods to assess the potential of traffic control measures as a basisfor a situation-dependent selection of measures are described, especially regarding thequality of their results (accuracy, time resolution, and spatial transferability). Concluding, research and development needs are outlined.

Journal or Publication Title: General proceedings of the World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR)
Title of Book: General proceedings of the World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Traffic signal control, Enwironmental aspects, Roadside Pollution Modelling
Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institutes of Transportation
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institutes of Transportation > Institute for Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering
Event Title: World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR)
Event Location: Lissabon
Event Dates: 11-15 Juli 2010
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2017 20:16
Official URL: http://www.verkehr.tu-darmstadt.de/media/verkehr/fgvv/prof_b...
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