TU Darmstadt / ULB / TUbiblio

Spectroscopic Analysis of Nanocarbon-Based non-precious Metal Catalyst for ORR

Kramm, Ulrike I.
Feng, Xinliang (ed.) (2015):
Spectroscopic Analysis of Nanocarbon-Based non-precious Metal Catalyst for ORR.
In: Nanocarbons for Advanced Energy Conversion, Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, pp. 117-148, [Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9783527680016.ch5],
[Book Section]

Abstract

Me[BOND]N[BOND]C catalysts are today's most prominent nanocarbon-based nonprecious-metal catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Usually, these catalysts reveal a heterogeneous composition as at least one heat treatment step is involved in their preparation. As a consequence, it is difficult to correlate structural parameters with their activity to reduce oxygen or their long-term stability in proton-exchange-membrane fuel cell (PEM-FC). This contribution introduces the spectroscopic techniques that are most important to step forward in the development of these nonprecious-metal catalysts. Each technique is shortly introduced and its application is illustrated by selected examples of Me[BOND]N[BOND]C catalyst characterization. While today most of the techniques are applied ex situ, the characterization of catalysts under operating conditions (in operando or in situ) will become more and more important.

Item Type: Book Section
Erschienen: 2015
Editors: Feng, Xinliang
Creators: Kramm, Ulrike I.
Title: Spectroscopic Analysis of Nanocarbon-Based non-precious Metal Catalyst for ORR
Language: German
Abstract:

Me[BOND]N[BOND]C catalysts are today's most prominent nanocarbon-based nonprecious-metal catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Usually, these catalysts reveal a heterogeneous composition as at least one heat treatment step is involved in their preparation. As a consequence, it is difficult to correlate structural parameters with their activity to reduce oxygen or their long-term stability in proton-exchange-membrane fuel cell (PEM-FC). This contribution introduces the spectroscopic techniques that are most important to step forward in the development of these nonprecious-metal catalysts. Each technique is shortly introduced and its application is illustrated by selected examples of Me[BOND]N[BOND]C catalyst characterization. While today most of the techniques are applied ex situ, the characterization of catalysts under operating conditions (in operando or in situ) will become more and more important.

Title of Book: Nanocarbons for Advanced Energy Conversion
Place of Publication: Weinheim, Germany
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
ISBN: 9783527336661
Uncontrolled Keywords: Me[BOND]N[BOND]C, Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray-induced photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Catalysts and Electrocatalysts
07 Department of Chemistry
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2016 09:24
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9783527680016.ch5
Identification Number: doi:10.1002/9783527680016.ch5
Export:

Optionen (nur für Redakteure)

View Item View Item