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Micro-simulation based evaluation of queue jump lane at isolated urban intersections: an experience in Kolkata

Maitra, Bhargab and Bhattacharya, Kinjal and Jose, Roshan and Boltze, Manfred (2015):
Micro-simulation based evaluation of queue jump lane at isolated urban intersections: an experience in Kolkata.
In: Journal of Transport Literature (JTL), 9 (3), pp. 10-14, ISSN 2238-1031,
[Online-Edition: http://www.transport-literature.org/editions/jtl-v9n3a02.pdf],
[Article]

Abstract

Poor service quality is one of the major causes for declining share of buses in urban India. Improvement of bus travel time by implementing bus priority measures at intersections is well regarded as an effective instrument to improve bus service by reducing the travel time. However, only a few research works have been reported in the literature on bus priority strategies in Developing countries such as India. This paper documents an experience of using micro-simulation software VISSIM© to evaluate the impact of providing Queue Jump Lane QJL)as a bus priority strategy for three representative four-arm isolated signalized intersections in Kolkata, India. The study shows that QJL is expected to be beneficial even in a heterogeneous traffic environment that is prevalent in Indian scenario. The effectiveness of QJL is found to be influenced by various factors such as traffic volume, vehicle composition and road geometry. The study encourages further investigations in terms of validation of results based on field implementation of QJL and identification of the domain of applicability of QJL in signalized intersections of urban India.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2015
Creators: Maitra, Bhargab and Bhattacharya, Kinjal and Jose, Roshan and Boltze, Manfred
Title: Micro-simulation based evaluation of queue jump lane at isolated urban intersections: an experience in Kolkata
Language: English
Abstract:

Poor service quality is one of the major causes for declining share of buses in urban India. Improvement of bus travel time by implementing bus priority measures at intersections is well regarded as an effective instrument to improve bus service by reducing the travel time. However, only a few research works have been reported in the literature on bus priority strategies in Developing countries such as India. This paper documents an experience of using micro-simulation software VISSIM© to evaluate the impact of providing Queue Jump Lane QJL)as a bus priority strategy for three representative four-arm isolated signalized intersections in Kolkata, India. The study shows that QJL is expected to be beneficial even in a heterogeneous traffic environment that is prevalent in Indian scenario. The effectiveness of QJL is found to be influenced by various factors such as traffic volume, vehicle composition and road geometry. The study encourages further investigations in terms of validation of results based on field implementation of QJL and identification of the domain of applicability of QJL in signalized intersections of urban India.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Transport Literature (JTL)
Volume: 9
Number: 3
Uncontrolled Keywords: bus priority, queue jump lane, signalized intersection, VISSIM, urban India
Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institutes of Transportation > Institute for Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institutes of Transportation
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2016 12:23
Official URL: http://www.transport-literature.org/editions/jtl-v9n3a02.pdf
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