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Enhancing Electromechanical Properties of Lead-Free Ferroelectrics With Bilayer Ceramic/Ceramic Composites

Ayrikyan, Azatuhi and Rojas, Virginia and Molina-Luna, Leopoldo and Acosta, Matias and Koruza, Jurij and Webber, Kyle G. (2015):
Enhancing Electromechanical Properties of Lead-Free Ferroelectrics With Bilayer Ceramic/Ceramic Composites.
In: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE, pp. 997-1006, 62, (6), ISSN 0885-3010,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TUFFC.2014.006673],
[Article]

Abstract

The macroscopic electromechanical behavior of lead-free bilayer composites was characterized at room temperature. One layer consisted of a nonergodic relaxor,(Bi1/2 1 Na /2)TiO3–7 , BaTiO3 with an electric-field-induced longrange ferroelectric order, whereas the other is understood to be an ergodic relaxor [(Bi N 1/2 1 a ) /2 TiO3–25SrTiO3] that undergoes a reversible electric-field-induced macroscopic nonpolar-to-polar transition. Microstructural evidence of a bilayer with low diffusion between the two components is also demonstrated. By taking advantage of the different macroscopic strain– and polarization–electric-field responses of the two constituents, internal mechanical and electrical fields can be developed that enhance the unipolar strain over that expected by a rule of mixtures approximation, thereby improving the properties needed for application of such materials to actuator systems. It is possible through further tailoring of the volume fractions and macroscopic properties of the constituents to optimize the electromechanical properties of multilayer lead-free ferroelectrics.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2015
Creators: Ayrikyan, Azatuhi and Rojas, Virginia and Molina-Luna, Leopoldo and Acosta, Matias and Koruza, Jurij and Webber, Kyle G.
Title: Enhancing Electromechanical Properties of Lead-Free Ferroelectrics With Bilayer Ceramic/Ceramic Composites
Language: English
Abstract:

The macroscopic electromechanical behavior of lead-free bilayer composites was characterized at room temperature. One layer consisted of a nonergodic relaxor,(Bi1/2 1 Na /2)TiO3–7 , BaTiO3 with an electric-field-induced longrange ferroelectric order, whereas the other is understood to be an ergodic relaxor [(Bi N 1/2 1 a ) /2 TiO3–25SrTiO3] that undergoes a reversible electric-field-induced macroscopic nonpolar-to-polar transition. Microstructural evidence of a bilayer with low diffusion between the two components is also demonstrated. By taking advantage of the different macroscopic strain– and polarization–electric-field responses of the two constituents, internal mechanical and electrical fields can be developed that enhance the unipolar strain over that expected by a rule of mixtures approximation, thereby improving the properties needed for application of such materials to actuator systems. It is possible through further tailoring of the volume fractions and macroscopic properties of the constituents to optimize the electromechanical properties of multilayer lead-free ferroelectrics.

Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
Volume: 62
Number: 6
Publisher: IEEE
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2015 10:19
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TUFFC.2014.006673
Identification Number: doi:10.1109/TUFFC.2014.006673
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