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Effect of Ca,Mg-ions on the properties of LiCo0.9M0.1PO4/graphitic carbon composites

Dimesso, Lucangelo and Becker, Dirk and Spanheimer, Christina and Jaegermann, Wolfram (2014):
Effect of Ca,Mg-ions on the properties of LiCo0.9M0.1PO4/graphitic carbon composites.
In: Progress in Solid State Chemistry, Elsevier Science Publishing, pp. 184-190, 42, (4), ISSN 00796786, [Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.progsolidstchem.2014.04.011],
[Article]

Abstract

LiCo0.9M0.1PO4 (M = Co2+, Mg2+, Ca2+)/graphitic carbon composites are synthesized by Pechini-assisted sol–gel process and annealed by the 2-steps annealing process (300 °C for 5 min in air, then at 730 °C for 12 h in nitrogen). The structural investigation, performed on powders, reveals the presence of LiCoPO4 as the major crystalline phase and of CoP2O7 (M = Co), of Co2P (M = Mg), of Co2P, Li3PO4, (Ca,Co)3(PO4)2 (M = Ca) as impurities. The morphological investigation of the composites shows the formation of crystalline “islands-like” structures with acicular crystallites with different dimensions (typically 5–50 μm) on the top of them. The voltammetric analysis shows a very good reversibility of the (de)intercalation processes and the presence of two mean peak maxima in the cathodic region at ∼5.01 V and ∼5.05 V respectively. The discharge specific capacities, at a discharge rate of C/10 and room temperature, were 100 mAh g−1 for M = Co, 68 mAh g−1 for M = Mg and 104 mAh g−1 for M = Ca respectively. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data reveal a decrease of the electrical resistance and the improvement of the Li-ion conductivity in the Ca and Mg ions containing composites.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2014
Creators: Dimesso, Lucangelo and Becker, Dirk and Spanheimer, Christina and Jaegermann, Wolfram
Title: Effect of Ca,Mg-ions on the properties of LiCo0.9M0.1PO4/graphitic carbon composites
Language: English
Abstract:

LiCo0.9M0.1PO4 (M = Co2+, Mg2+, Ca2+)/graphitic carbon composites are synthesized by Pechini-assisted sol–gel process and annealed by the 2-steps annealing process (300 °C for 5 min in air, then at 730 °C for 12 h in nitrogen). The structural investigation, performed on powders, reveals the presence of LiCoPO4 as the major crystalline phase and of CoP2O7 (M = Co), of Co2P (M = Mg), of Co2P, Li3PO4, (Ca,Co)3(PO4)2 (M = Ca) as impurities. The morphological investigation of the composites shows the formation of crystalline “islands-like” structures with acicular crystallites with different dimensions (typically 5–50 μm) on the top of them. The voltammetric analysis shows a very good reversibility of the (de)intercalation processes and the presence of two mean peak maxima in the cathodic region at ∼5.01 V and ∼5.05 V respectively. The discharge specific capacities, at a discharge rate of C/10 and room temperature, were 100 mAh g−1 for M = Co, 68 mAh g−1 for M = Mg and 104 mAh g−1 for M = Ca respectively. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data reveal a decrease of the electrical resistance and the improvement of the Li-ion conductivity in the Ca and Mg ions containing composites.

Journal or Publication Title: Progress in Solid State Chemistry
Volume: 42
Number: 4
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composites, Cathode material, Lithium cobalt phosphate, Isovalent substitution, Calcium, Magnesium
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Surface Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2015 12:14
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.progsolidstchem.2014.04.011
Identification Number: doi:10.1016/j.progsolidstchem.2014.04.011
Funders: The authors thank the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft(DFG) (Sonderinitiativeproject: PAK-177, grant number. JA859/14-3) for the financial support during this work. , The DFG encourage and financially support the publication of the results during the projects.
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