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Risk Management and Contingency Planning for the First Icelandic Deep Drilling Project Well in Krafla, Iceland

Homuth, S. and Pálsson, B. and Hólmgeirsson, S. and Sass, I. (2010):
Risk Management and Contingency Planning for the First Icelandic Deep Drilling Project Well in Krafla, Iceland.
In: Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010, In: World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, 25.-29.04.2010, In: World Geothermal Congress 2010, [Conference or Workshop Item]

Abstract

The Icelandic Deep Drilling Project (IDDP) is a research program designed to evaluate improvements in the efficiency and economics of geothermal energy systems by harnessing Deep Unconventional Geothermal Resources (DUGR). The goal is to generate electricity from natural supercritical hydrous geofluids from depths of around 3.5 to 5 km and temperatures of 450-600°C. At that depth, the pressure and temperature of pure water exceed the critical point of 374.15°C and 221.2 bars, which means that only a single phase fluid exists. In order to drill into the target zone of supercritical geofluids, one of the main challenges is to deal with high temperatures and pressures during the drilling and well completion processes. Because of the great uncertainties in this project a detailed risk assessment and contingency plan is necessary. This paper describes major geological and technical problems, in terms of drilling, in such a high temperature and pressure environment, with emphasis on the geoengineering part of the drilling process and well completion. The natural geological risks arising from volcanic and seismic activity, as well as meeting sufficient permeable zones, are considered to be relatively minor factors when compared to the well completion process due to their low probability. The main risks are assessed in the hazard of underground pressure blowouts, meeting circulation loss zones and material failures due to the high temperature environment. In addition borehole failure, formation fracturing, cement and casing failure as well as problems during coring operations are deemed to be likely, but by applying the appropriate techniques as well as mitigation and counteractive measures, discussed in this paper, most of these risks can be reduced or prevented.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 2010
Creators: Homuth, S. and Pálsson, B. and Hólmgeirsson, S. and Sass, I.
Title: Risk Management and Contingency Planning for the First Icelandic Deep Drilling Project Well in Krafla, Iceland
Language: German
Abstract:

The Icelandic Deep Drilling Project (IDDP) is a research program designed to evaluate improvements in the efficiency and economics of geothermal energy systems by harnessing Deep Unconventional Geothermal Resources (DUGR). The goal is to generate electricity from natural supercritical hydrous geofluids from depths of around 3.5 to 5 km and temperatures of 450-600°C. At that depth, the pressure and temperature of pure water exceed the critical point of 374.15°C and 221.2 bars, which means that only a single phase fluid exists. In order to drill into the target zone of supercritical geofluids, one of the main challenges is to deal with high temperatures and pressures during the drilling and well completion processes. Because of the great uncertainties in this project a detailed risk assessment and contingency plan is necessary. This paper describes major geological and technical problems, in terms of drilling, in such a high temperature and pressure environment, with emphasis on the geoengineering part of the drilling process and well completion. The natural geological risks arising from volcanic and seismic activity, as well as meeting sufficient permeable zones, are considered to be relatively minor factors when compared to the well completion process due to their low probability. The main risks are assessed in the hazard of underground pressure blowouts, meeting circulation loss zones and material failures due to the high temperature environment. In addition borehole failure, formation fracturing, cement and casing failure as well as problems during coring operations are deemed to be likely, but by applying the appropriate techniques as well as mitigation and counteractive measures, discussed in this paper, most of these risks can be reduced or prevented.

Title of Book: Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010
Series Name: World Geothermal Congress 2010
Uncontrolled Keywords: Risk assessment;risk management;contingency plan;IDDP;geological risks;drilling risks
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Geothermal Science and Technology
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Event Title: World Geothermal Congress 2010
Event Location: Bali
Event Dates: 25.-29.04.2010
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2014 14:25
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