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NMR provides checklist of generic properties for atomic-scale models of periodic mesoporous silicas

Shenderovich, I. G. and Mauder, D. and Akcakayiran, D. and Buntkowsky, G. and Limbach, H. H. and Findenegg, G. H. (2007):
NMR provides checklist of generic properties for atomic-scale models of periodic mesoporous silicas.
In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 111 (42), pp. 12088-12096, [Online-Edition: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&se...],
[Article]

Abstract

MCM-41 and SBA-15 silicas were studied by Si-29 solid-state NMR and (15) N NMR in the presence of (15) Npyridine with the aim to formulate generic structural parameters that may be used as a checklist for atomicscale structural models of this class of ordered mesoporous materials. High-quality MCM-41 silica constitutes quasi-ideal arrays of uniform-size pores with thin pore walls, while SBA-15 silica has thicker pore walls with framework and surface defects. The numbers of silanol Q(3)) and silicate (Q(4)) groups were found to be in the ratio of about 1:3 for MCM-41 and about 1:4 for our SBA-15 materials. Combined with the earlier finding that the density of surface silanol groups is about three per nm(2) in MCM-41 (Shenderovich, et al. J. Phys. Chem. B 2003, 107, 11924) this allows us to discriminate between different atomic-scale models of these materials. Neither tridymite nor edingtonite meet both of these requirements. On the basis of the hexagonal pore shape model, the experimental Q(3):Q(4) ratio yields a wall thickness of about 0.95 nm for MCM-41 silica, corresponding to the width of ca. four silica tetrahedra. The arrangement of Q3 groups at the silica surfaces was analyzed using postsynthesis surface functionalization. It was found that the number of covalent bonds to the surface formed by the functional reagents is affected by the surface morphology. It is concluded that for high-quality MCM-41 silicas the distance between neighboring surface silanol groups is greater than 0.5 nm. As a result, di- and tripodical reagents like (CH3)(2)Si(OH)(2) and CH3Si(OH)(3) can form only one covalent bond to the surface. The residual hydroxyl groups of surface-bonded functional reagents either remain free or interact with other reagent molecules. Accordingly, the number of surface silanol groups at a given MCM41 or SBA-15 silica may not decrease but increase after treatment with CH3Si(OH)(3) reagent. On the other hand, nearly all surface silanol groups could be functionalized when HN(Si(CH3)(3))(2) was used.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2007
Creators: Shenderovich, I. G. and Mauder, D. and Akcakayiran, D. and Buntkowsky, G. and Limbach, H. H. and Findenegg, G. H.
Title: NMR provides checklist of generic properties for atomic-scale models of periodic mesoporous silicas
Language: English
Abstract:

MCM-41 and SBA-15 silicas were studied by Si-29 solid-state NMR and (15) N NMR in the presence of (15) Npyridine with the aim to formulate generic structural parameters that may be used as a checklist for atomicscale structural models of this class of ordered mesoporous materials. High-quality MCM-41 silica constitutes quasi-ideal arrays of uniform-size pores with thin pore walls, while SBA-15 silica has thicker pore walls with framework and surface defects. The numbers of silanol Q(3)) and silicate (Q(4)) groups were found to be in the ratio of about 1:3 for MCM-41 and about 1:4 for our SBA-15 materials. Combined with the earlier finding that the density of surface silanol groups is about three per nm(2) in MCM-41 (Shenderovich, et al. J. Phys. Chem. B 2003, 107, 11924) this allows us to discriminate between different atomic-scale models of these materials. Neither tridymite nor edingtonite meet both of these requirements. On the basis of the hexagonal pore shape model, the experimental Q(3):Q(4) ratio yields a wall thickness of about 0.95 nm for MCM-41 silica, corresponding to the width of ca. four silica tetrahedra. The arrangement of Q3 groups at the silica surfaces was analyzed using postsynthesis surface functionalization. It was found that the number of covalent bonds to the surface formed by the functional reagents is affected by the surface morphology. It is concluded that for high-quality MCM-41 silicas the distance between neighboring surface silanol groups is greater than 0.5 nm. As a result, di- and tripodical reagents like (CH3)(2)Si(OH)(2) and CH3Si(OH)(3) can form only one covalent bond to the surface. The residual hydroxyl groups of surface-bonded functional reagents either remain free or interact with other reagent molecules. Accordingly, the number of surface silanol groups at a given MCM41 or SBA-15 silica may not decrease but increase after treatment with CH3Si(OH)(3) reagent. On the other hand, nearly all surface silanol groups could be functionalized when HN(Si(CH3)(3))(2) was used.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume: 111
Number: 42
Uncontrolled Keywords: heterogeneous nucleophilic catalyst nuclear-magnetic-resonance solid-state nmr molecular-dynamics neutron-scattering sba-15 materials surface mcm-41 water diffusion
Divisions: 07 Department of Chemistry
07 Department of Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2014 20:50
Official URL: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&se...
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