TU Darmstadt / ULB / TUbiblio

Stress, temperature and electric field effects in the lead-free (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Zr)O3 piezoelectric system

Ehmke, Matthias C. and Schader, Florian H. and Webber, Kyle G. and Rödel, Jürgen and Blendell, John E. and Bowman, Keith J. (2014):
Stress, temperature and electric field effects in the lead-free (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Zr)O3 piezoelectric system.
In: Acta Materialia, pp. 37-45, 78, ISSN 13596454, [Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2014.06.005],
[Article]

Abstract

The large signal strain response as a function of uniaxial compressive stress, electric field and temperature is investigated for compositions across the morphotropic phase boundary in the (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Zr)O3 ferroelectric system. The largest piezoelectric coefficient in terms of unipolar strain divided by the maximum applied field, Su/EmaxSu/Emax, is 1540 pm V−1, which clearly exceeds the piezoelectric response of most lead zirconate titanate materials. The extraordinarily large piezoelectric properties occur in the vicinity of the morphotropic phase boundary region on the rhombohedral side of the phase diagram. In this material, an electric threshold field is observed that is required to overcome the stress-induced domain clamping and obtain a measurable strain response. Moreover, the study reveals that careful selection of composition, stress and field amplitude allow for large signal piezoelectric coefficients of over 740 pm V−1 in the temperature range of 25–75 °C. The extraordinarily large unipolar strain response can be assigned to an electric field-controlled regime, in which the unipolar compressive stress induces non-180° domain switching perpendicular to the applied electric field. During electrical loading, the electric field can realign these domains back into the parallel direction, maximizing non-180° domain switching and enhancing unipolar strain.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2014
Creators: Ehmke, Matthias C. and Schader, Florian H. and Webber, Kyle G. and Rödel, Jürgen and Blendell, John E. and Bowman, Keith J.
Title: Stress, temperature and electric field effects in the lead-free (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Zr)O3 piezoelectric system
Language: English
Abstract:

The large signal strain response as a function of uniaxial compressive stress, electric field and temperature is investigated for compositions across the morphotropic phase boundary in the (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Zr)O3 ferroelectric system. The largest piezoelectric coefficient in terms of unipolar strain divided by the maximum applied field, Su/EmaxSu/Emax, is 1540 pm V−1, which clearly exceeds the piezoelectric response of most lead zirconate titanate materials. The extraordinarily large piezoelectric properties occur in the vicinity of the morphotropic phase boundary region on the rhombohedral side of the phase diagram. In this material, an electric threshold field is observed that is required to overcome the stress-induced domain clamping and obtain a measurable strain response. Moreover, the study reveals that careful selection of composition, stress and field amplitude allow for large signal piezoelectric coefficients of over 740 pm V−1 in the temperature range of 25–75 °C. The extraordinarily large unipolar strain response can be assigned to an electric field-controlled regime, in which the unipolar compressive stress induces non-180° domain switching perpendicular to the applied electric field. During electrical loading, the electric field can realign these domains back into the parallel direction, maximizing non-180° domain switching and enhancing unipolar strain.

Journal or Publication Title: Acta Materialia
Volume: 78
Uncontrolled Keywords: BZT-BCT; Lead-free; Ferroelectrics; Actuator; Ferroelasticity
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Elektromechanik von Oxiden
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2014 07:27
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2014.06.005
Identification Number: doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2014.06.005
Funders: This work was supported by the United States National Science Foundation under Award No. DMR 0805022 and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG under WE 4972/1-1.
Export:

Optionen (nur für Redakteure)

View Item View Item