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Networking agroecology: Integrating the diversity of agroecosystem interactions

Bohan, David A. and Raybould, Alan and Mulder, Christian and Woodward, Guy and Tamaddoni-Nezhad, Alireza and Blüthgen, Nico and Pocock, Michael J. O. and Muggleton, Stephen and Darren, M. Evans and Astegiano, Julia and Massol, Francois and Loeuille, Nicolas and Petit, Sandrine and Macfadyen, Sarina
Woodward, Guy and Bohan, David A. (eds.) (2013):
Networking agroecology: Integrating the diversity of agroecosystem interactions.
In: Ecological Networks in an Agricultural World, London [u. a.], Elsevier, pp. 1-67, [Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-420002-9.00001-9],
[Book Section]

Abstract

Worldwide demand for food will increase dramatically in the future as global human population grows. Increasing efficiency of crop production is unlikely to be sufficient to meet the demand, presenting a long-term threat to humanity’s ‘well-being’. Knowledge of the system-level behaviour of agroecosystems, however, remains surprisingly limited, reflecting the agricultural focus on particular species. This is starting to change towards an ecosystem and network-based approach, following the recent revolution in thinking about resource use and sustainability in our other global food production industry: commercial fisheries.

Agroecosystems appear to retain plasticity of ecological processes that might be manipulated for productivity and sustainability. Network structure and dynamics have substantial impacts on ecosystem performance, but evidence from agroecosystems lags behind network theory. Here, we provide an introduction to network theory and application in agroecosystems, identify network metrics for management and environmental change, and, finally, we highlight gaps in our current knowledge and key research themes. These themes include: is the structure of agroecological networks affected by sampling; how do ecosystem services ‘emerge’ empirically from ecological organization, function and network properties; how do spatial and temporal scale and resolution influence system performance; and, can network agroecology be used to design systems that maximize ecosystem services?

Item Type: Book Section
Erschienen: 2013
Editors: Woodward, Guy and Bohan, David A.
Creators: Bohan, David A. and Raybould, Alan and Mulder, Christian and Woodward, Guy and Tamaddoni-Nezhad, Alireza and Blüthgen, Nico and Pocock, Michael J. O. and Muggleton, Stephen and Darren, M. Evans and Astegiano, Julia and Massol, Francois and Loeuille, Nicolas and Petit, Sandrine and Macfadyen, Sarina
Title: Networking agroecology: Integrating the diversity of agroecosystem interactions
Language: English
Abstract:

Worldwide demand for food will increase dramatically in the future as global human population grows. Increasing efficiency of crop production is unlikely to be sufficient to meet the demand, presenting a long-term threat to humanity’s ‘well-being’. Knowledge of the system-level behaviour of agroecosystems, however, remains surprisingly limited, reflecting the agricultural focus on particular species. This is starting to change towards an ecosystem and network-based approach, following the recent revolution in thinking about resource use and sustainability in our other global food production industry: commercial fisheries.

Agroecosystems appear to retain plasticity of ecological processes that might be manipulated for productivity and sustainability. Network structure and dynamics have substantial impacts on ecosystem performance, but evidence from agroecosystems lags behind network theory. Here, we provide an introduction to network theory and application in agroecosystems, identify network metrics for management and environmental change, and, finally, we highlight gaps in our current knowledge and key research themes. These themes include: is the structure of agroecological networks affected by sampling; how do ecosystem services ‘emerge’ empirically from ecological organization, function and network properties; how do spatial and temporal scale and resolution influence system performance; and, can network agroecology be used to design systems that maximize ecosystem services?

Title of Book: Ecological Networks in an Agricultural World
Series Name: Advances in Ecological Research
Number: 49
Place of Publication: London [u. a.]
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 978-0-12-420002-9
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Synthetic Ecological Networks
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2014 10:29
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-420002-9.00001-9
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