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Pharmacological Inhibition of Platelet-Tumor Cell Cross-Talk Prevents Platelet-Induced Overexpression of Cyclooxygenase-2 in HT29 Human Colon Carcinoma Cells.

Dovizio, Melania and Maier, Thorsten J. and Alberti, Sara and Di Francesco, Luigia and Marcantoni, Emanuela and Münch, Götz and John, Constance M. and Suess, Beatrix and Sgambato, Alessandro and Steinhilber, Dieter and Patrignani, Paola :
Pharmacological Inhibition of Platelet-Tumor Cell Cross-Talk Prevents Platelet-Induced Overexpression of Cyclooxygenase-2 in HT29 Human Colon Carcinoma Cells.
In: Molecular pharmacology, 84 (1) pp. 25-40. ISSN 1521-0111
[Article] , (2013)

Abstract

Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived prostanoids can influence several processes that are linked to carcinogenesis. We aimed to address the hypothesis that platelets contribute to aberrant COX-2 expression in HT29 colon carcinoma cells and to reveal the role of platelet-induced COX-2 on the expression of proteins involved in malignancy and marker genes of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Human platelets cocultured with HT29 cells rapidly adhered to cancer cells and induced COX-2 mRNA expression, but not protein synthesis, which required the late release of platelet-derived growth factor and COX-2 mRNA stabilization. Platelet-induced COX-2-dependent prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis in HT29 cells was involved in the downregulation of p21(WAF1/CIP1) and the upregulation of cyclinB1 since these effects were prevented by rofecoxib (a selective COX-2 inhibitor) and rescued by exogenous PGE2. Galectin-3, which is highly expressed in HT29 cells, is unique among galectins because it contains a collagen-like domain. Thus, we studied the role of galectin-3 and platelet collagen receptors in platelet-induced COX-2 overexpression. Inhibitors of galectin-3 function (β-lactose, a dominant-negative form of galectin-3, Gal-3C, and anti-galectin-3 antibody M3/38) or collagen receptor-mediated platelet adhesion (revacept, a dimeric platelet collagen receptor GPVI-Fc) prevented aberrant COX-2 expression. Inhibition of platelet-cancer cell interaction by revacept was more effective than rofecoxib in preventing platelet-induced mRNA changes of EMT markers, suggesting that direct cell-cell contact and aberrant COX-2 expression synergistically induced gene expression modifications associated with EMT. In conclusion, our findings provide the rationale for testing blockers of collagen binding sites, such as revacept, and galectin-3 inhibitors in the prevention of colon cancer metastasis in animal models, followed by studies in patients.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2013
Creators: Dovizio, Melania and Maier, Thorsten J. and Alberti, Sara and Di Francesco, Luigia and Marcantoni, Emanuela and Münch, Götz and John, Constance M. and Suess, Beatrix and Sgambato, Alessandro and Steinhilber, Dieter and Patrignani, Paola
Title: Pharmacological Inhibition of Platelet-Tumor Cell Cross-Talk Prevents Platelet-Induced Overexpression of Cyclooxygenase-2 in HT29 Human Colon Carcinoma Cells.
Language: English
Abstract:

Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived prostanoids can influence several processes that are linked to carcinogenesis. We aimed to address the hypothesis that platelets contribute to aberrant COX-2 expression in HT29 colon carcinoma cells and to reveal the role of platelet-induced COX-2 on the expression of proteins involved in malignancy and marker genes of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Human platelets cocultured with HT29 cells rapidly adhered to cancer cells and induced COX-2 mRNA expression, but not protein synthesis, which required the late release of platelet-derived growth factor and COX-2 mRNA stabilization. Platelet-induced COX-2-dependent prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis in HT29 cells was involved in the downregulation of p21(WAF1/CIP1) and the upregulation of cyclinB1 since these effects were prevented by rofecoxib (a selective COX-2 inhibitor) and rescued by exogenous PGE2. Galectin-3, which is highly expressed in HT29 cells, is unique among galectins because it contains a collagen-like domain. Thus, we studied the role of galectin-3 and platelet collagen receptors in platelet-induced COX-2 overexpression. Inhibitors of galectin-3 function (β-lactose, a dominant-negative form of galectin-3, Gal-3C, and anti-galectin-3 antibody M3/38) or collagen receptor-mediated platelet adhesion (revacept, a dimeric platelet collagen receptor GPVI-Fc) prevented aberrant COX-2 expression. Inhibition of platelet-cancer cell interaction by revacept was more effective than rofecoxib in preventing platelet-induced mRNA changes of EMT markers, suggesting that direct cell-cell contact and aberrant COX-2 expression synergistically induced gene expression modifications associated with EMT. In conclusion, our findings provide the rationale for testing blockers of collagen binding sites, such as revacept, and galectin-3 inhibitors in the prevention of colon cancer metastasis in animal models, followed by studies in patients.

Journal or Publication Title: Molecular pharmacology
Volume: 84
Number: 1
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Synthetic Genetic Circuits
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 07:07
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