TU Darmstadt / ULB / TUbiblio

Specialization of mutualistic interaction networks decreases toward tropical latitudes.

Schleuning, Matthias and Fründ, Jochen and Klein, Alexandra-Maria and Abrahamczyk, Stefan and Alarcón, Ruben and Albrecht, Matthias and Andersson, Georg K. S. and Bazarian, Simone and Böhning-Gaese, Katrin and Bommarco, Riccardo and Dalsgaard, Bo and Dehling, D. Matthias and Gotlieb, Ariella and Hagen, Melanie and Hickler, Thomas and Holzschuh, Andrea and Kaiser-Bunbury, Christopher N. and Kreft, Holger and Morris, Rebecca J. and Sandel, Brody and Sutherland, William J. and Svenning, Jens-Christian and Tscharntke, Teja and Watts, Stella and Weiner, Christiane N. and Werner, Michael and Williams, Neal M. and Winqvist, Camilla and Dormann, Carsten F. and Blüthgen, Nico :
Specialization of mutualistic interaction networks decreases toward tropical latitudes.
[Online-Edition: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/abstract/S0960-9822%2812...]
In: Current biology : CB, 22 (20) pp. 1925-31. ISSN 1879-0445
[Article] , (2012)

Official URL: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/abstract/S0960-9822%2812...

Abstract

Species-rich tropical communities are expected to be more specialized than their temperate counterparts. Several studies have reported increasing biotic specialization toward the tropics, whereas others have not found latitudinal trends once accounting for sampling bias or differences in plant diversity. Thus, the direction of the latitudinal specialization gradient remains contentious. With an unprecedented global data set, we investigated how biotic specialization between plants and animal pollinators or seed dispersers is associated with latitude, past and contemporary climate, and plant diversity. We show that in contrast to expectation, biotic specialization of mutualistic networks is significantly lower at tropical than at temperate latitudes. Specialization was more closely related to contemporary climate than to past climate stability, suggesting that current conditions have a stronger effect on biotic specialization than historical community stability. Biotic specialization decreased with increasing local and regional plant diversity. This suggests that high specialization of mutualistic interactions is a response of pollinators and seed dispersers to low plant diversity. This could explain why the latitudinal specialization gradient is reversed relative to the latitudinal diversity gradient. Low mutualistic network specialization in the tropics suggests higher tolerance against extinctions in tropical than in temperate communities.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2012
Creators: Schleuning, Matthias and Fründ, Jochen and Klein, Alexandra-Maria and Abrahamczyk, Stefan and Alarcón, Ruben and Albrecht, Matthias and Andersson, Georg K. S. and Bazarian, Simone and Böhning-Gaese, Katrin and Bommarco, Riccardo and Dalsgaard, Bo and Dehling, D. Matthias and Gotlieb, Ariella and Hagen, Melanie and Hickler, Thomas and Holzschuh, Andrea and Kaiser-Bunbury, Christopher N. and Kreft, Holger and Morris, Rebecca J. and Sandel, Brody and Sutherland, William J. and Svenning, Jens-Christian and Tscharntke, Teja and Watts, Stella and Weiner, Christiane N. and Werner, Michael and Williams, Neal M. and Winqvist, Camilla and Dormann, Carsten F. and Blüthgen, Nico
Title: Specialization of mutualistic interaction networks decreases toward tropical latitudes.
Language: English
Abstract:

Species-rich tropical communities are expected to be more specialized than their temperate counterparts. Several studies have reported increasing biotic specialization toward the tropics, whereas others have not found latitudinal trends once accounting for sampling bias or differences in plant diversity. Thus, the direction of the latitudinal specialization gradient remains contentious. With an unprecedented global data set, we investigated how biotic specialization between plants and animal pollinators or seed dispersers is associated with latitude, past and contemporary climate, and plant diversity. We show that in contrast to expectation, biotic specialization of mutualistic networks is significantly lower at tropical than at temperate latitudes. Specialization was more closely related to contemporary climate than to past climate stability, suggesting that current conditions have a stronger effect on biotic specialization than historical community stability. Biotic specialization decreased with increasing local and regional plant diversity. This suggests that high specialization of mutualistic interactions is a response of pollinators and seed dispersers to low plant diversity. This could explain why the latitudinal specialization gradient is reversed relative to the latitudinal diversity gradient. Low mutualistic network specialization in the tropics suggests higher tolerance against extinctions in tropical than in temperate communities.

Journal or Publication Title: Current biology : CB
Volume: 22
Number: 20
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Synthetic Ecological Networks
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2013 10:15
Official URL: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/abstract/S0960-9822%2812...
Export:

Optionen (nur für Redakteure)

View Item View Item