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Atmospheric Plasma Deposition: A New Pathway in the Design of Conducting Polymer-Based Anodes for Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Michel, M. and Bour, J. and Petersen, J. and Arnoult, C. and Ettingshausen, F. and Roth, C. and Ruch, D. (2010):
Atmospheric Plasma Deposition: A New Pathway in the Design of Conducting Polymer-Based Anodes for Hydrogen Fuel Cells.
In: Fuel Cells, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, pp. 932-937, 10, (6), ISSN 16156846,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fuce.201000050],
[Article]

Abstract

In this study, we explored thin films of nanofibrous functionalised conducting plasma polyaniline (pPANI) with platinum deposited by an atmospheric plasma deposition process for the potential design of anodes for hydrogen fuel cell applications. We observed that the incorporation of such a polymer, characterised by both electronic and ionic conductivity, associated with a catalyst in a 3D porous network, could lead to an increased probability of the three-phase contact to occur. In this context, aniline was mixed with functionalised platinum nanoparticles and used as the precursor. The role of these functionalised nanoparticles was not only to act as the catalyst for fuel cell purposes, but also as nucleation sites promoting the formation of the nanofibrous pPANI thin film during the plasma polymerisation. The morphology of the thin film was analysed by scanning electron microscopy and the efficiency, in terms of energy conversion, was assessed in a single fuel cell test bench.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2010
Creators: Michel, M. and Bour, J. and Petersen, J. and Arnoult, C. and Ettingshausen, F. and Roth, C. and Ruch, D.
Title: Atmospheric Plasma Deposition: A New Pathway in the Design of Conducting Polymer-Based Anodes for Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Language: English
Abstract:

In this study, we explored thin films of nanofibrous functionalised conducting plasma polyaniline (pPANI) with platinum deposited by an atmospheric plasma deposition process for the potential design of anodes for hydrogen fuel cell applications. We observed that the incorporation of such a polymer, characterised by both electronic and ionic conductivity, associated with a catalyst in a 3D porous network, could lead to an increased probability of the three-phase contact to occur. In this context, aniline was mixed with functionalised platinum nanoparticles and used as the precursor. The role of these functionalised nanoparticles was not only to act as the catalyst for fuel cell purposes, but also as nucleation sites promoting the formation of the nanofibrous pPANI thin film during the plasma polymerisation. The morphology of the thin film was analysed by scanning electron microscopy and the efficiency, in terms of energy conversion, was assessed in a single fuel cell test bench.

Journal or Publication Title: Fuel Cells
Volume: 10
Number: 6
Publisher: WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fuel Cell, Electrode, Plasma Polymer, Platinum Utilization, Polyaniline
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Erneuerbare Energien
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2013 12:36
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fuce.201000050
Identification Number: doi:10.1002/fuce.201000050
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