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Nanoscale Insight Into Lead-Free BNT-BT-xKNN

Dittmer, Robert and Jo, Wook and Rödel, Jürgen and Kalinin, Sergei and Balke, Nina (2012):
Nanoscale Insight Into Lead-Free BNT-BT-xKNN.
In: Advanced Functional Materials, pp. 4208-4215, 22, (20), ISSN 1616301X,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201200592],
[Article]

Abstract

Piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) is used to afford insight into the nanoscale electromechanical behavior of lead-free piezoceramics. Materials based on Bi1/2Na1/2TiO3 exhibit high strains mediated by a field-induced phase transition. Using the band excitation technique the initial domain morphology, the poling behavior, the switching behavior, and the time-dependent phase stability in the pseudo-ternary system (1–x)(0.94Bi1/2Na1/2TiO3-0.06BaTiO3)-xK0.5Na0.5NbO3 (0 <= x <= 18 mol%) are revealed. In the base material (x = 0 mol%), macroscopic domains and ferroelectric switching can be induced from the initial relaxor state with sufficiently high electric field, yielding large macroscopic remanent strain and polarization. The addition of KNN increases the threshold field required to induce long range order and decreases the stability thereof. For x = 3 mol% the field-induced domains relax completely, which is also reflected in zero macroscopic remanence. Eventually, no long range order can be induced for x >= 3 mol%. This PFM study provides a novel perspective on the interplay between macroscopic and nanoscopic material properties in bulk lead-free piezoceramics.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2012
Creators: Dittmer, Robert and Jo, Wook and Rödel, Jürgen and Kalinin, Sergei and Balke, Nina
Title: Nanoscale Insight Into Lead-Free BNT-BT-xKNN
Language: English
Abstract:

Piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) is used to afford insight into the nanoscale electromechanical behavior of lead-free piezoceramics. Materials based on Bi1/2Na1/2TiO3 exhibit high strains mediated by a field-induced phase transition. Using the band excitation technique the initial domain morphology, the poling behavior, the switching behavior, and the time-dependent phase stability in the pseudo-ternary system (1–x)(0.94Bi1/2Na1/2TiO3-0.06BaTiO3)-xK0.5Na0.5NbO3 (0 <= x <= 18 mol%) are revealed. In the base material (x = 0 mol%), macroscopic domains and ferroelectric switching can be induced from the initial relaxor state with sufficiently high electric field, yielding large macroscopic remanent strain and polarization. The addition of KNN increases the threshold field required to induce long range order and decreases the stability thereof. For x = 3 mol% the field-induced domains relax completely, which is also reflected in zero macroscopic remanence. Eventually, no long range order can be induced for x >= 3 mol%. This PFM study provides a novel perspective on the interplay between macroscopic and nanoscopic material properties in bulk lead-free piezoceramics.

Journal or Publication Title: Advanced Functional Materials
Volume: 22
Number: 20
Uncontrolled Keywords: piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM); lead-free materials; piezoceramics; relaxors
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis > Subproject A1: Manufacturing of ceramic, textured actuators with high strain
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Zentrale Einrichtungen
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2012 08:40
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201200592
Additional Information:

SFB 595 A1

Identification Number: doi:10.1002/adfm.201200592
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