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Piezoelectric activity of (1-x)[0.35Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3-0.3BiFeO3-0.35BiScO3] - xPbTiO3 ceramics as a function of temperature

Sebastian, Tutu and Sterianou, Iasmi and Reaney, Ian M. and Leist, Thorsten and Jo, Wook and Rödel, Jürgen (2012):
Piezoelectric activity of (1-x)[0.35Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3-0.3BiFeO3-0.35BiScO3] - xPbTiO3 ceramics as a function of temperature.
In: Journal of Electroceramics, pp. 95-100, 28, (2-3), ISSN 1385-3449, [Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10832-012-9685-8],
[Article]

Abstract

The piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties of ceramics in the (1-x)[0.35Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3-0.3BiFeO3-0.35BiScO3] - xPbTiO3 (0.46 ≤ x ≤ 0.50) solid solution have been studied as a function of temperature with a view to establishing their potential for commercial usage as high TC actuators and sensors. The polarisation, unipolar and bipolar strain, piezoelectric coefficient d33 and coupling factor kp all increased with temperature consistent with softening of extrinsic and intrinsic contributions to piezoactivity as TC is approached. Small signal d33 and kp increased from 328 pm/V and ~0.45 at room temperature to >1100 pm/V and ~0.5, respectively, until depoling occurred at ~400°C, illustrating a significant improvement in operating temperature over PZT (~200°C) and demonstrating great potential for high temperature sensor applications. Bipolar (bi) and unipolar (uni) measurements (large signal, d* 33) normally used to demonstrate potential for actuation, revealed extremely promising values, d* 33(bi) = 940 pm/V and d* 33(uni) = 600 pm/V, up to 180°C, the limit of the experimental apparatus.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2012
Creators: Sebastian, Tutu and Sterianou, Iasmi and Reaney, Ian M. and Leist, Thorsten and Jo, Wook and Rödel, Jürgen
Title: Piezoelectric activity of (1-x)[0.35Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3-0.3BiFeO3-0.35BiScO3] - xPbTiO3 ceramics as a function of temperature
Language: English
Abstract:

The piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties of ceramics in the (1-x)[0.35Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3-0.3BiFeO3-0.35BiScO3] - xPbTiO3 (0.46 ≤ x ≤ 0.50) solid solution have been studied as a function of temperature with a view to establishing their potential for commercial usage as high TC actuators and sensors. The polarisation, unipolar and bipolar strain, piezoelectric coefficient d33 and coupling factor kp all increased with temperature consistent with softening of extrinsic and intrinsic contributions to piezoactivity as TC is approached. Small signal d33 and kp increased from 328 pm/V and ~0.45 at room temperature to >1100 pm/V and ~0.5, respectively, until depoling occurred at ~400°C, illustrating a significant improvement in operating temperature over PZT (~200°C) and demonstrating great potential for high temperature sensor applications. Bipolar (bi) and unipolar (uni) measurements (large signal, d* 33) normally used to demonstrate potential for actuation, revealed extremely promising values, d* 33(bi) = 940 pm/V and d* 33(uni) = 600 pm/V, up to 180°C, the limit of the experimental apparatus.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Electroceramics
Volume: 28
Number: 2-3
Uncontrolled Keywords: Piezoelectrics – High curie point – Temperature stability – High temperature actuators
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 02 May 2012 08:56
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10832-012-9685-8
Identification Number: doi:10.1007/s10832-012-9685-8
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