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Microporous ceramic coated SnO2 sensors for hydrogen and carbon monoxide sensing in harsh reducing conditions

Prasad, R. M. and Gurlo, A. and Riedel, R. and Hübner, M. and Barsan, N. and Weimar, U. (2010):
Microporous ceramic coated SnO2 sensors for hydrogen and carbon monoxide sensing in harsh reducing conditions.
In: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 149 (1), Elsevier, pp. 105-109, ISSN 09254005,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2010.06.016],
[Article]

Abstract

The stability and sensing characteristics of SnO2 sensors coated with amorphous microporous Si–B–C–N layers have been studied in oxygen free atmospheres. The synthesis of amorphous Si–B–C–N-ceramics has been realized through pyrolysis of poly(organoborosilazanes) in argon. The Si–B–C–N layers with the thickness of about 1 μm after single deposition/pyrolysis step are amorphous, crack-free and microporous with mean pore diameters of about ∼7 Å which is larger than the kinetic diameter of H2 and CO molecules, allowing in this way their diffusion towards the bottom SnO2 sensing layer. Transient response characteristics and sensor signals of uncoated SnO2, 3 times and 5 times Si–B–C–N-coated SnO2 sensors exposed to CO (10, 20 and 120 ppm) and H2 (40, 400 and 900 ppm) in nitrogen at 350 and 530 °C are obtained. Uncoated SnO2 sensor at 530 °C is irreversibly reduced to tin in H2 while Si–B–C–N-coated SnO2 sensors show reversible resistance changes while exposed to CO and H2.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2010
Creators: Prasad, R. M. and Gurlo, A. and Riedel, R. and Hübner, M. and Barsan, N. and Weimar, U.
Title: Microporous ceramic coated SnO2 sensors for hydrogen and carbon monoxide sensing in harsh reducing conditions
Language: English
Abstract:

The stability and sensing characteristics of SnO2 sensors coated with amorphous microporous Si–B–C–N layers have been studied in oxygen free atmospheres. The synthesis of amorphous Si–B–C–N-ceramics has been realized through pyrolysis of poly(organoborosilazanes) in argon. The Si–B–C–N layers with the thickness of about 1 μm after single deposition/pyrolysis step are amorphous, crack-free and microporous with mean pore diameters of about ∼7 Å which is larger than the kinetic diameter of H2 and CO molecules, allowing in this way their diffusion towards the bottom SnO2 sensing layer. Transient response characteristics and sensor signals of uncoated SnO2, 3 times and 5 times Si–B–C–N-coated SnO2 sensors exposed to CO (10, 20 and 120 ppm) and H2 (40, 400 and 900 ppm) in nitrogen at 350 and 530 °C are obtained. Uncoated SnO2 sensor at 530 °C is irreversibly reduced to tin in H2 while Si–B–C–N-coated SnO2 sensors show reversible resistance changes while exposed to CO and H2.

Journal or Publication Title: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume: 149
Number: 1
Publisher: Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tin dioxide, Reduction, Polymer-derived ceramics, Hydrogen, Carbon monoxide, Microporous
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Dispersive Solids
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2012 10:58
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2010.06.016
Identification Number: doi:10.1016/j.snb.2010.06.016
Funders: This work has been performed within the framework of the project “Thermoresistant ceramic membrane with integrated gas sensor for high temperature separation and detection of hydrogen and carbon monoxide” of the priority program, “Adapting surfaces for high temperature applications” (DFG-SPP 1299, www.spp-haut.de, DFG—German Research Foundation).
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