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Single-molecule microscopy reveals membrane microdomain organization of cells in a living vertebrate.

Schaaf, Marcel J. M. and Koopmans, Wiepke J. A. and Meckel, Tobias and van Noort, John and Snaar-Jagalska, B. Ewa and Schmidt, Thomas S. and Spaink, Herman P. (2009):
Single-molecule microscopy reveals membrane microdomain organization of cells in a living vertebrate.
In: Biophysical journal, 97 (4), pp. 1206-14. ISSN 1542-0086,
[Article]

Abstract

It has been possible for several years to study the dynamics of fluorescently labeled proteins by single-molecule microscopy, but until now this technology has been applied only to individual cells in culture. In this study, it was extended to stem cells and living vertebrate organisms. As a molecule of interest we used yellow fluorescent protein fused to the human H-Ras membrane anchor, which has been shown to serve as a model for proteins anchored in the plasma membrane. We used a wide-field fluorescence microscopy setup to visualize individual molecules in a zebrafish cell line (ZF4) and in primary embryonic stem cells. A total-internal-reflection microscopy setup was used for imaging in living organisms, in particular in epidermal cells in the skin of 2-day-old zebrafish embryos. Our results demonstrate the occurrence of membrane microdomains in which the diffusion of membrane proteins in a living organism is confined. This membrane organization differed significantly from that observed in cultured cells, illustrating the relevance of performing single-molecule microscopy in living organisms.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2009
Creators: Schaaf, Marcel J. M. and Koopmans, Wiepke J. A. and Meckel, Tobias and van Noort, John and Snaar-Jagalska, B. Ewa and Schmidt, Thomas S. and Spaink, Herman P.
Title: Single-molecule microscopy reveals membrane microdomain organization of cells in a living vertebrate.
Language: English
Abstract:

It has been possible for several years to study the dynamics of fluorescently labeled proteins by single-molecule microscopy, but until now this technology has been applied only to individual cells in culture. In this study, it was extended to stem cells and living vertebrate organisms. As a molecule of interest we used yellow fluorescent protein fused to the human H-Ras membrane anchor, which has been shown to serve as a model for proteins anchored in the plasma membrane. We used a wide-field fluorescence microscopy setup to visualize individual molecules in a zebrafish cell line (ZF4) and in primary embryonic stem cells. A total-internal-reflection microscopy setup was used for imaging in living organisms, in particular in epidermal cells in the skin of 2-day-old zebrafish embryos. Our results demonstrate the occurrence of membrane microdomains in which the diffusion of membrane proteins in a living organism is confined. This membrane organization differed significantly from that observed in cultured cells, illustrating the relevance of performing single-molecule microscopy in living organisms.

Journal or Publication Title: Biophysical journal
Journal volume: 97
Number: 4
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
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10 Department of Biology > Plant Membrane Biophysics
10 Department of Biology > Membrane Dynamics
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2011 13:30
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