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Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: Case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic

Daniels, John E. and Jo, Wook and Rödel, Jürgen and Jones, Jacob L. (2009):
Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: Case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic.
In: Applied Physics Letters, pp. 032904-1-032904-3, 95, (3), ISSN 00036951,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3182679],
[Article]

Abstract

The electric-field-induced strain in 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–7%BaTiO3 polycrystalline ceramic is shown to be the result of an electric-field-induced phase transformation from a pseudocubic to tetragonal symmetry. High-energy x-ray diffraction is used to illustrate the microstructural nature of the transformation. A combination of induced unit cell volumetric changes, domain texture, and anisotropic lattice strains are responsible for the observed macroscopic strain. This strain mechanism is not analogous to the high electric-field-induced strains observed in lead-based morphotropic phase boundary systems. Thus, systems which appear cubic under zero field should not be excluded from the search for lead-free piezoelectric compositions.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2009
Creators: Daniels, John E. and Jo, Wook and Rödel, Jürgen and Jones, Jacob L.
Title: Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: Case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic
Language: English
Abstract:

The electric-field-induced strain in 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–7%BaTiO3 polycrystalline ceramic is shown to be the result of an electric-field-induced phase transformation from a pseudocubic to tetragonal symmetry. High-energy x-ray diffraction is used to illustrate the microstructural nature of the transformation. A combination of induced unit cell volumetric changes, domain texture, and anisotropic lattice strains are responsible for the observed macroscopic strain. This strain mechanism is not analogous to the high electric-field-induced strains observed in lead-based morphotropic phase boundary systems. Thus, systems which appear cubic under zero field should not be excluded from the search for lead-free piezoelectric compositions.

Journal or Publication Title: Applied Physics Letters
Volume: 95
Number: 3
Uncontrolled Keywords: barium compounds, bismuth compounds, piezoceramics, piezoelectricity, sodium compounds, solid-state phase transformations, texture, X-ray diffraction
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis > Subproject A1: Manufacturing of ceramic, textured actuators with high strain
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue
Zentrale Einrichtungen
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2011 11:15
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3182679
Additional Information:

SFB 595 A1

Identification Number: doi:10.1063/1.3182679
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