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Effect of Nb-donor and Fe-acceptor dopants in (Bi[sub 1/2]Na[sub 1/2])TiO[sub 3]–BaTiO[sub 3]–(K[sub 0.5]Na[sub 0.5])NbO[sub 3] lead-free piezoceramics

Jo, Wook and Erdem, Emre and Eichel, Rüdiger-A. and Glaum, Julia and Granzow, Torsten and Damjanovic, Dragan and Rödel, Jürgen (2010):
Effect of Nb-donor and Fe-acceptor dopants in (Bi[sub 1/2]Na[sub 1/2])TiO[sub 3]–BaTiO[sub 3]–(K[sub 0.5]Na[sub 0.5])NbO[sub 3] lead-free piezoceramics.
In: Journal of Applied Physics, pp. 014110-1, 108, (1), ISSN 00218979,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3437645],
[Article]

Abstract

The role of Fe as an acceptor and Nb as a donor in [0.94−x](Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3–0.06BaTiO3−x (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 (100xKNN) (x = 0.02 and 0.03) lead-free piezoceramics was investigated. X-ray diffraction analyses show that all the profiles are best-fitted with a cubic symmetry where Fe doping tends to induce a lattice expansion, while Nb doping does the opposite. The strain and polarization characteristics are enhanced and suppressed by the acceptor and donor dopants, respectively. The improvement in the electrical properties with acceptor doping is accompanied by the stabilization of a ferroelectric order. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopic analysis suggests that the stabilization of the ferroelectric order by the Fe dopant originates from the formation of (FeTi′–VO••)• defect dipoles.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2010
Creators: Jo, Wook and Erdem, Emre and Eichel, Rüdiger-A. and Glaum, Julia and Granzow, Torsten and Damjanovic, Dragan and Rödel, Jürgen
Title: Effect of Nb-donor and Fe-acceptor dopants in (Bi[sub 1/2]Na[sub 1/2])TiO[sub 3]–BaTiO[sub 3]–(K[sub 0.5]Na[sub 0.5])NbO[sub 3] lead-free piezoceramics
Language: English
Abstract:

The role of Fe as an acceptor and Nb as a donor in [0.94−x](Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3–0.06BaTiO3−x (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 (100xKNN) (x = 0.02 and 0.03) lead-free piezoceramics was investigated. X-ray diffraction analyses show that all the profiles are best-fitted with a cubic symmetry where Fe doping tends to induce a lattice expansion, while Nb doping does the opposite. The strain and polarization characteristics are enhanced and suppressed by the acceptor and donor dopants, respectively. The improvement in the electrical properties with acceptor doping is accompanied by the stabilization of a ferroelectric order. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopic analysis suggests that the stabilization of the ferroelectric order by the Fe dopant originates from the formation of (FeTi′–VO••)• defect dipoles.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Physics
Volume: 108
Number: 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: barium compounds, bismuth compounds, electric properties, impurity states, paramagnetic resonance, piezoceramics, potassium compounds, sodium compounds, X-ray diffraction
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis > Subproject A1: Manufacturing of ceramic, textured actuators with high strain
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation > Subproject B1: EPR-Investigations of defects in ferroelectric ceramic material
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > D - Component properties > Subproject D1: Mesoscopic and macroscopic fatigue in doped ferroelectric ceramics
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > D - Component properties
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue
Zentrale Einrichtungen
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2011 13:55
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3437645
Additional Information:

SFB 595 Cooperation A1, B1, D1

Identification Number: doi:10.1063/1.3437645
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