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Sintering and Electrical Properties of Lead-Free Na0.5K0.5NbO3 Piezoelectric Ceramics

Zuo, Ruzhong and Rödel, Jürgen and Chen, Renzheng and Li, Longtu (2006):
Sintering and Electrical Properties of Lead-Free Na0.5K0.5NbO3 Piezoelectric Ceramics.
In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, pp. 2010-2015, 89, (6), ISSN 0002-7820,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.00991.x],
[Article]

Abstract

Lead-free Na0.5K0.5NbO3 (NKN) piezoelectric ceramics were fairly well densified at a relatively low temperature under atmospheric conditions. A relative density of 96%–99% can be achieved by either using high-energy attrition milling or adding 1 mol% oxide additives. It is suggested that ultra-fine starting powders by active milling or oxygen vacancies and even liquid phases from B-site oxide additives mainly lead to improved sintering. Not only were dielectric properties influenced by oxide additives, such as the Curie temperature (Tc) and dielectric loss (D), but also the ferroelectricity was modified. A relatively large remanent polarization was produced, ranging from 16 μC/cm2 for pure NKN to 23 μC/cm2 for ZnO-added NKN samples. The following dielectric and piezoelectric properties were obtained: relative permittivity ɛT33/ɛ0=570–650, planar mode electromechanical coupling factor, kp=32%–44%, and piezoelectric strain constant, d33=92–117 pC/N.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2006
Creators: Zuo, Ruzhong and Rödel, Jürgen and Chen, Renzheng and Li, Longtu
Title: Sintering and Electrical Properties of Lead-Free Na0.5K0.5NbO3 Piezoelectric Ceramics
Language: English
Abstract:

Lead-free Na0.5K0.5NbO3 (NKN) piezoelectric ceramics were fairly well densified at a relatively low temperature under atmospheric conditions. A relative density of 96%–99% can be achieved by either using high-energy attrition milling or adding 1 mol% oxide additives. It is suggested that ultra-fine starting powders by active milling or oxygen vacancies and even liquid phases from B-site oxide additives mainly lead to improved sintering. Not only were dielectric properties influenced by oxide additives, such as the Curie temperature (Tc) and dielectric loss (D), but also the ferroelectricity was modified. A relatively large remanent polarization was produced, ranging from 16 μC/cm2 for pure NKN to 23 μC/cm2 for ZnO-added NKN samples. The following dielectric and piezoelectric properties were obtained: relative permittivity ɛT33/ɛ0=570–650, planar mode electromechanical coupling factor, kp=32%–44%, and piezoelectric strain constant, d33=92–117 pC/N.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume: 89
Number: 6
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis > Subproject A1: Manufacturing of ceramic, textured actuators with high strain
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue
Zentrale Einrichtungen
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
Date Deposited: 18 May 2011 15:20
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.00991.x
Additional Information:

SFB 595 A1

Identification Number: doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.00991.x
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