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Expression of two gas vacuole protein genes in Halobacterium halobium and other related species.

Horne, M. and Pfeifer, Felicitas (1989):
Expression of two gas vacuole protein genes in Halobacterium halobium and other related species.
In: Molecular & general genetics : MGG, 218 (3), pp. 437-44. ISSN 0026-8925,
[Article]

Abstract

The archaebacterium Halobacterium halobium contains two genes encoding gas vacuole proteins (vac). One resides on a large naturally occurring plasmid and encodes a protein of 76 amino acids (p-vac), while the other is a chromosomal gene that encodes a highly similar protein of 79 amino acids (c-vac). Northern analysis determined the c-vac and p-vac mRNA to be approximately 340 nucleotides in length, and S1 mapping of both transcripts indicated that the 5' terminus for each starts at the same relative nucleotide. Three other Halobacterium species producing gas vacuoles were investigated, H. spec. GN101, YC819-9, and SB3. All three contain only a chromosomal c-vac gene, and the 5' terminus of the 340 nucleotide mRNA starts at the same nucleotide as found for H. halobium. The c-vac gene region of H. spec. GN101 contains nine nucleotide exchanges, three of which occur in the coding region with no effect on the amino acid sequence. In contrast, the c-vac gene of H. spec. SB3 has an identical nucleotide sequence to the H. halobium c-vac gene. Gas vacuole production in each of these species was monitored during culture growth by phase contrast microscopy, and the vac mRNA level was determined for each time point. H. halobium p-vac deletion mutants, as well as the halobacterial species GN101 and YC819-9, start to synthesize gas vacuoles in early stationary growth phase with a maximal mRNA content in stationary phase. In contrast, H. halobium wild-type synthesizes gas vacuoles exclusively due to p-vac gene expression with a maximal mRNA level during logarithmic growth, and transcripts of the c-vac gene were not detectable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1989
Creators: Horne, M. and Pfeifer, Felicitas
Title: Expression of two gas vacuole protein genes in Halobacterium halobium and other related species.
Language: English
Abstract:

The archaebacterium Halobacterium halobium contains two genes encoding gas vacuole proteins (vac). One resides on a large naturally occurring plasmid and encodes a protein of 76 amino acids (p-vac), while the other is a chromosomal gene that encodes a highly similar protein of 79 amino acids (c-vac). Northern analysis determined the c-vac and p-vac mRNA to be approximately 340 nucleotides in length, and S1 mapping of both transcripts indicated that the 5' terminus for each starts at the same relative nucleotide. Three other Halobacterium species producing gas vacuoles were investigated, H. spec. GN101, YC819-9, and SB3. All three contain only a chromosomal c-vac gene, and the 5' terminus of the 340 nucleotide mRNA starts at the same nucleotide as found for H. halobium. The c-vac gene region of H. spec. GN101 contains nine nucleotide exchanges, three of which occur in the coding region with no effect on the amino acid sequence. In contrast, the c-vac gene of H. spec. SB3 has an identical nucleotide sequence to the H. halobium c-vac gene. Gas vacuole production in each of these species was monitored during culture growth by phase contrast microscopy, and the vac mRNA level was determined for each time point. H. halobium p-vac deletion mutants, as well as the halobacterial species GN101 and YC819-9, start to synthesize gas vacuoles in early stationary growth phase with a maximal mRNA content in stationary phase. In contrast, H. halobium wild-type synthesizes gas vacuoles exclusively due to p-vac gene expression with a maximal mRNA level during logarithmic growth, and transcripts of the c-vac gene were not detectable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Journal or Publication Title: Molecular & general genetics : MGG
Journal volume: 218
Number: 3
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Microbiology and Archaea
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10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2011 13:10
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