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Physiological characterization of the yeast plasma membrane outward rectifying K+ channel, DUK1 (TOK1), in situ.

Bertl, A. and Bihler, H. and Reid, J. D. and Kettner, C. and Slayman, C. L. :
Physiological characterization of the yeast plasma membrane outward rectifying K+ channel, DUK1 (TOK1), in situ.
[Online-Edition: http://www.springerlink.com/content/882741yb4y37auqt/fulltex...]
In: The Journal of membrane biology, 162 (1) pp. 67-80. ISSN 0022-2631
[Article], (1998)

Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/882741yb4y37auqt/fulltex...

Abstract

The major voltage-dependent ion channel in the plasma membrane of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a conspicuous outwardly rectifying K+ channel, was first dubbed YPK1 and later renamed according to its registered gene names (DUK1, TOK1). It has proven novel in both structure and function. Whole-cell patch-clamp studies of the channel directly on yeast protoplasts now extend our earlier description obtained from isolated patches of yeast membrane (Bertl & Slayman, 1992; Bertl et al., 1993), and provide new data both on the contributions of channel properties to yeast physiology and on possible contributions of molecular structure of channel properties. Three recording tactics produce completely equivalent results and thereby allow great flexibility in the design of experiments: whole-cell voltage clamp with sustained voltage steps (approximately 2.5 sec), whole-cell voltage clamp with slow voltage ramps (5 sec, -40 to +100 mV), and time-averaging of single-channel currents. Activation of Duk1 channels under steady-state conditions is dependent upon ATP in the cytoplasmic solution, and the absence of ATP results in channel "rundown"--decreasing numbers of activable channels--over periods of 10 min to 1 hr from the start of patch recording. Several putative serine- and threonine-phosphorylation sites, as well as a variant ATP-binding fold, exist in the molecule as potential mediators of the ATP effects. The channel runs down similarly following cytoplasmic acidification, but is almost completely insensitive to extracellular pH changes (8.0 to 5.5 tested). This remarkable asymmetry may depend on the protein's strongly asymmetric distribution of histidine residues, with 10 out of 12 predicted to lie close to the membrane-cytoplasm interface. Further data confirm the well-recognized observation that changes of K+ concentration, intracellular or extracellular, can shift the gating voltage of Duk1p in the direction of EK. Among the other alkali-metal cations tested, extracellular Rb+ and Cs(+)--but not Na(+)--substitute almost completely for K+. Extracellular TEA+ inhibits whole-cell K+ currents through Duk1p with a KI of 2.8 mM, and does so probably by reducing the single-channel current.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1998
Creators: Bertl, A. and Bihler, H. and Reid, J. D. and Kettner, C. and Slayman, C. L.
Title: Physiological characterization of the yeast plasma membrane outward rectifying K+ channel, DUK1 (TOK1), in situ.
Language: English
Abstract:

The major voltage-dependent ion channel in the plasma membrane of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a conspicuous outwardly rectifying K+ channel, was first dubbed YPK1 and later renamed according to its registered gene names (DUK1, TOK1). It has proven novel in both structure and function. Whole-cell patch-clamp studies of the channel directly on yeast protoplasts now extend our earlier description obtained from isolated patches of yeast membrane (Bertl & Slayman, 1992; Bertl et al., 1993), and provide new data both on the contributions of channel properties to yeast physiology and on possible contributions of molecular structure of channel properties. Three recording tactics produce completely equivalent results and thereby allow great flexibility in the design of experiments: whole-cell voltage clamp with sustained voltage steps (approximately 2.5 sec), whole-cell voltage clamp with slow voltage ramps (5 sec, -40 to +100 mV), and time-averaging of single-channel currents. Activation of Duk1 channels under steady-state conditions is dependent upon ATP in the cytoplasmic solution, and the absence of ATP results in channel "rundown"--decreasing numbers of activable channels--over periods of 10 min to 1 hr from the start of patch recording. Several putative serine- and threonine-phosphorylation sites, as well as a variant ATP-binding fold, exist in the molecule as potential mediators of the ATP effects. The channel runs down similarly following cytoplasmic acidification, but is almost completely insensitive to extracellular pH changes (8.0 to 5.5 tested). This remarkable asymmetry may depend on the protein's strongly asymmetric distribution of histidine residues, with 10 out of 12 predicted to lie close to the membrane-cytoplasm interface. Further data confirm the well-recognized observation that changes of K+ concentration, intracellular or extracellular, can shift the gating voltage of Duk1p in the direction of EK. Among the other alkali-metal cations tested, extracellular Rb+ and Cs(+)--but not Na(+)--substitute almost completely for K+. Extracellular TEA+ inhibits whole-cell K+ currents through Duk1p with a KI of 2.8 mM, and does so probably by reducing the single-channel current.

Journal or Publication Title: The Journal of membrane biology
Volume: 162
Number: 1
Divisions: Biology
Biology > Botany
Biology > Botany > Yeast Membrane Biology
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2010 15:31
Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/882741yb4y37auqt/fulltex...
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1007/s002329900343
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