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Structure and thermoelastic behavior of synthetic rubber/organoclay nanocomposites

Privalko, V. P. and Ponomarenko, S. M. and Privalko, E. G. and Schon, F. and Gronski, W. and Staneva, R. and Stühn, B. (2003):
Structure and thermoelastic behavior of synthetic rubber/organoclay nanocomposites.
In: Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, pp. 1480-1485, 204, (12), [Article]

Abstract

Nanocomposites of synthetic styrene-co-butadiene rubber and three types of organoclay fillers,, ere prepared by melt-compounding and characterized by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), differential calorimetry and stretching calorimetry. The in-rubber structure of the organoclay particles is characterized by different degrees of intercalation with interlayer distances ranging from 3.1-4.9 nm. In contrast to the pristine rubber, all nanocomposiws exhibited irreversibility of both mechanical work land heat effects in stretching/contraction cycles at fairly low elongations. Moreover, at the same filler loading both the mechanical reinforcement effect and the magnitude of specific heat effects proved strongly dependent on the degree of intercalation, In the range of low elongations, significantly earlier onsets of the heat inversion phenomenon (compared to theoretically expected), as well as the overshoots of exothermal heat effects in contraction Above the endothermal heat effects in-stretching for nanocomposites, suggested the contribution of structural re arrangements at the rubber/filler interface by the mechanism of chain slippage operative in both,stretching and contraction regimes., In the range of high elongations, the thermoelastic behavior of nanocomposites could be accounted for quantitatively by the model, which assumed explicitly the contributions of local strain Amplification for the rubber matrix and of successive decay of nanoparticle clusters with increasing strain, generating the exothermal effects, of external friction between nanoparticles.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2003
Creators: Privalko, V. P. and Ponomarenko, S. M. and Privalko, E. G. and Schon, F. and Gronski, W. and Staneva, R. and Stühn, B.
Title: Structure and thermoelastic behavior of synthetic rubber/organoclay nanocomposites
Language: English
Abstract:

Nanocomposites of synthetic styrene-co-butadiene rubber and three types of organoclay fillers,, ere prepared by melt-compounding and characterized by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), differential calorimetry and stretching calorimetry. The in-rubber structure of the organoclay particles is characterized by different degrees of intercalation with interlayer distances ranging from 3.1-4.9 nm. In contrast to the pristine rubber, all nanocomposiws exhibited irreversibility of both mechanical work land heat effects in stretching/contraction cycles at fairly low elongations. Moreover, at the same filler loading both the mechanical reinforcement effect and the magnitude of specific heat effects proved strongly dependent on the degree of intercalation, In the range of low elongations, significantly earlier onsets of the heat inversion phenomenon (compared to theoretically expected), as well as the overshoots of exothermal heat effects in contraction Above the endothermal heat effects in-stretching for nanocomposites, suggested the contribution of structural re arrangements at the rubber/filler interface by the mechanism of chain slippage operative in both,stretching and contraction regimes., In the range of high elongations, the thermoelastic behavior of nanocomposites could be accounted for quantitatively by the model, which assumed explicitly the contributions of local strain Amplification for the rubber matrix and of successive decay of nanoparticle clusters with increasing strain, generating the exothermal effects, of external friction between nanoparticles.

Journal or Publication Title: Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume: 204
Number: 12
Divisions: 05 Department of Physics > Institute for condensed matter physics
05 Department of Physics
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2010 13:25
Identification Number: doi:10.1002/macp.200350019
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