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Interactions of relativistic heavy ions in thick heavy element targets and some unresolved problems

Brandt, R. ; Ditlov, V. ; Dwivedi, K. ; Ensinger, Wolfgang ; Ganssauge, E. ; Shi-Lun, Guo ; Haiduc, M. ; Hashemi-Nezhad, S. ; Khan, H. A. ; Krivopustov, M. ; Odoj, R. ; Pozharova, E. ; Smirnitzki, V. ; Sosnin, A. ; Westmeier, W. ; Zamani-Valasiadou, M. :
Interactions of relativistic heavy ions in thick heavy element targets and some unresolved problems.
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11496-008-2004-3]
In: Physics of Particles and Nuclei, 39 (2) S. 259-285. ISSN 1063-7796
[Artikel] , (2008)

Offizielle URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11496-008-2004-3

Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract)

Interactions of relativistic heavy ions with total energies above 30 GeV in thick Cu and Pb targets (≥ 2 cm) have been studied with various techniques. Radiochemical irradiation experiments using thick Cu targets, both in a compact form or as diluted “2π-Cu targets” have been carried out with several relativistic heavy ions, such as 44 GeV 12C (JINR, Dubna, Russia) and 72 GeV 40Ar (LBL, Berkeley, USA). Neutron measuring experiments using thick targets irradiated with various relativistic heavy ions up to 44 GeV 12C have been performed at the JINR. In addition, the number of “black prongs” in nuclear interactions (due to protons with energies less than 30 MeV and emitted from the target-like interaction partner at rest) produced with 72 GeV 22Ne ions in nuclear emulsion plates has been measured in the first nuclear interaction of the primary 22Ne ion and in the following second nuclear interaction of the secondary heavy (Z > 1) ion. Some essential results have been obtained. (1) Spallation products produced by relativistic secondary fragments in interactions ([44 GeV 12C or 72 GeV 40Ar] + Cu) within thick copper yield fewer products close to the target and many more products far away from the target as compared to primary beam interactions. This applies also to secondary particles emitted into large angles (Θ > 10°). (2) The neutron production of 44 GeV 12C within thick Cu and Pb targets is beyond the estimated yield as based on experiments with 12 GeV 12C. These rather independent experimental results cannot be understood within well-accepted nuclear reaction models. They appear to present unresolved problems.

Typ des Eintrags: Artikel
Erschienen: 2008
Autor(en): Brandt, R. ; Ditlov, V. ; Dwivedi, K. ; Ensinger, Wolfgang ; Ganssauge, E. ; Shi-Lun, Guo ; Haiduc, M. ; Hashemi-Nezhad, S. ; Khan, H. A. ; Krivopustov, M. ; Odoj, R. ; Pozharova, E. ; Smirnitzki, V. ; Sosnin, A. ; Westmeier, W. ; Zamani-Valasiadou, M.
Titel: Interactions of relativistic heavy ions in thick heavy element targets and some unresolved problems
Sprache: Englisch
Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract):

Interactions of relativistic heavy ions with total energies above 30 GeV in thick Cu and Pb targets (≥ 2 cm) have been studied with various techniques. Radiochemical irradiation experiments using thick Cu targets, both in a compact form or as diluted “2π-Cu targets” have been carried out with several relativistic heavy ions, such as 44 GeV 12C (JINR, Dubna, Russia) and 72 GeV 40Ar (LBL, Berkeley, USA). Neutron measuring experiments using thick targets irradiated with various relativistic heavy ions up to 44 GeV 12C have been performed at the JINR. In addition, the number of “black prongs” in nuclear interactions (due to protons with energies less than 30 MeV and emitted from the target-like interaction partner at rest) produced with 72 GeV 22Ne ions in nuclear emulsion plates has been measured in the first nuclear interaction of the primary 22Ne ion and in the following second nuclear interaction of the secondary heavy (Z > 1) ion. Some essential results have been obtained. (1) Spallation products produced by relativistic secondary fragments in interactions ([44 GeV 12C or 72 GeV 40Ar] + Cu) within thick copper yield fewer products close to the target and many more products far away from the target as compared to primary beam interactions. This applies also to secondary particles emitted into large angles (Θ > 10°). (2) The neutron production of 44 GeV 12C within thick Cu and Pb targets is beyond the estimated yield as based on experiments with 12 GeV 12C. These rather independent experimental results cannot be understood within well-accepted nuclear reaction models. They appear to present unresolved problems.

Titel der Zeitschrift, Zeitung oder Schriftenreihe: Physics of Particles and Nuclei
Band: 39
(Heft-)Nummer: 2
Verlag: SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Fachbereich(e)/-gebiet(e): 11 Fachbereich Material- und Geowissenschaften > Materialwissenschaft > Fachgebiet Materialanalytik
11 Fachbereich Material- und Geowissenschaften > Materialwissenschaft
11 Fachbereich Material- und Geowissenschaften
Hinterlegungsdatum: 06 Jul 2009 13:51
Offizielle URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11496-008-2004-3
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