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High-throughput synthesis and screening of catalytic materials. Case study on the search for a low-temperature catalyst for the oxidation of low-concentration propane.

Rodemerck, Uwe and Wolf, Dorit and Buyevskaya, O. V. and Claus, Peter and Senkan, S. and Baerns, Manfred (2001):
High-throughput synthesis and screening of catalytic materials. Case study on the search for a low-temperature catalyst for the oxidation of low-concentration propane.
In: Chemical Engineering Journal, pp. 3-11, 82, (1-3), [Article]

Abstract

Low-temperature catalysts for the total combustion of low-concentration propane in air have been searched for applying a combinatorial approach including an optimization procedure based on a genetic algorithm. A 1st generation of catalysts was prepared by impregnation of TiO2 and Fe2O3 materials with randomly mixed solutions of eight individual compounds (H2[PtCl6]·xH2O, (NH4)2PdCl6, RhCl3·2H2O, RuCl3·H2O, H[AuCl4]·3H2O, Ag lactate, Cu(NO3)2, Mn(NO3)2) considered as potential catalytic compounds. After parallel testing of the 1st generation of the catalytic materials applying high-throughput testing equipment the most active catalysts were chosen to create a 2nd and after its testing a 3rd generation, respectively. A genetic algorithm was applied to set the compositions of the catalytic compounds of the 2nd and 3rd generation. Fe2O3 was not used as support for the succeeding generations since it lead to significantly inferior catalytic performances than TiO2. The optimization strategy led to improved catalysts. Most of the final material converted propane to CO2 at 150°C, the best ones oxidized propane even at 50°C. Furthermore, the goal was pursued to compare the performance of two different high-throughput testing equipments. In both cases the ranking of 45 catalysts was nearly the same.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2001
Creators: Rodemerck, Uwe and Wolf, Dorit and Buyevskaya, O. V. and Claus, Peter and Senkan, S. and Baerns, Manfred
Title: High-throughput synthesis and screening of catalytic materials. Case study on the search for a low-temperature catalyst for the oxidation of low-concentration propane.
Language: English
Abstract:

Low-temperature catalysts for the total combustion of low-concentration propane in air have been searched for applying a combinatorial approach including an optimization procedure based on a genetic algorithm. A 1st generation of catalysts was prepared by impregnation of TiO2 and Fe2O3 materials with randomly mixed solutions of eight individual compounds (H2[PtCl6]·xH2O, (NH4)2PdCl6, RhCl3·2H2O, RuCl3·H2O, H[AuCl4]·3H2O, Ag lactate, Cu(NO3)2, Mn(NO3)2) considered as potential catalytic compounds. After parallel testing of the 1st generation of the catalytic materials applying high-throughput testing equipment the most active catalysts were chosen to create a 2nd and after its testing a 3rd generation, respectively. A genetic algorithm was applied to set the compositions of the catalytic compounds of the 2nd and 3rd generation. Fe2O3 was not used as support for the succeeding generations since it lead to significantly inferior catalytic performances than TiO2. The optimization strategy led to improved catalysts. Most of the final material converted propane to CO2 at 150°C, the best ones oxidized propane even at 50°C. Furthermore, the goal was pursued to compare the performance of two different high-throughput testing equipments. In both cases the ranking of 45 catalysts was nearly the same.

Journal or Publication Title: Chemical Engineering Journal
Volume: 82
Number: 1-3
Uncontrolled Keywords: Combinatorial catalysis; High-throughput screening; Heterogeneous catalysts; Genetic algorithm for optimization; Evolutionary strategy
Divisions: 07 Department of Chemistry > Fachgebiet Technische Chemie > Technische Chemie II
07 Department of Chemistry > Fachgebiet Technische Chemie
07 Department of Chemistry
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2009 08:55
Identification Number: doi:10.1016/S1385-8947(00)00348-X
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