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An Internet – and Knowledge-based Alert-system for Groundwater Disaster Management

Rüppel, Uwe and Gutzke, Thomas (2005):
An Internet – and Knowledge-based Alert-system for Groundwater Disaster Management.
In: EnviroInfo 2005: Environmental Informatics and Systems Research, In: 19th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection (EnviroInfo), Brünn, Tschechien, 07.-09. September 2005, ISBN 80-2103780-6,
[Online-Edition: http://enviroinfo.eu/sites/default/files/pdfs/vol111/0196.pd...],
[Conference or Workshop Item]

Abstract

To guarantee a continuous supply of drinking water, the resource “groundwater” is the most common in Germany (about 70%). According to this fact, the demands on water with unobjectionable quality properties are very high. The groundwater body is in particular at risk, if a dangerous situation occurred (e.g. defined pollution in the soil, exceeding of a critical value, technical interferences, danger of flooding). Therefore the correct measures have to be taken immediately to avoid environmental hazards. For those cases, emergency plans have been developed by the governmental authorities, the supply companies and the civil protectors separately. Components of these plans contain the emergency cases itself, the knowledge base, the involved participants and the required measures. A model-based and integrated software support for cases of emergency does not exist at present to notify all involved participants and to provide the essential knowledge about the basic-information and possible measures automatically. This paper describes the rule-based notification extension of the pilot project “Grundwasser-Online” to react on critical situations concerning large-scaled groundwater bodies immediately and with the adequate measures. Therefore a rule-based expert-system with automatic notification-mechanisms and an integrated workflow-system have been implemented. In addition to the defined rules, the emergency-cases with all related participants and the required material for a special decision-support can be described. Also the suggestions for the adequate measures and the kind of real-time notification (system, SMS, eMail) can be defined.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 2005
Creators: Rüppel, Uwe and Gutzke, Thomas
Title: An Internet – and Knowledge-based Alert-system for Groundwater Disaster Management
Language: English
Abstract:

To guarantee a continuous supply of drinking water, the resource “groundwater” is the most common in Germany (about 70%). According to this fact, the demands on water with unobjectionable quality properties are very high. The groundwater body is in particular at risk, if a dangerous situation occurred (e.g. defined pollution in the soil, exceeding of a critical value, technical interferences, danger of flooding). Therefore the correct measures have to be taken immediately to avoid environmental hazards. For those cases, emergency plans have been developed by the governmental authorities, the supply companies and the civil protectors separately. Components of these plans contain the emergency cases itself, the knowledge base, the involved participants and the required measures. A model-based and integrated software support for cases of emergency does not exist at present to notify all involved participants and to provide the essential knowledge about the basic-information and possible measures automatically. This paper describes the rule-based notification extension of the pilot project “Grundwasser-Online” to react on critical situations concerning large-scaled groundwater bodies immediately and with the adequate measures. Therefore a rule-based expert-system with automatic notification-mechanisms and an integrated workflow-system have been implemented. In addition to the defined rules, the emergency-cases with all related participants and the required material for a special decision-support can be described. Also the suggestions for the adequate measures and the kind of real-time notification (system, SMS, eMail) can be defined.

Title of Book: EnviroInfo 2005: Environmental Informatics and Systems Research
ISBN: 80-2103780-6
Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute of Numerical Methods and Informatics in Civil Engineering
Event Title: 19th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection (EnviroInfo)
Event Location: Brünn, Tschechien
Event Dates: 07.-09. September 2005
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2008 08:24
Official URL: http://enviroinfo.eu/sites/default/files/pdfs/vol111/0196.pd...
License: [undefiniert]
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