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Temperature dependent fracture toughness of KNN-based lead-free piezoelectric ceramics

Li, Yingwei and Liu, Yixuan and Öchsner, Paul-Erich and Isaia, Daniel and Zhang, Yichi and Wang, Ke and Webber, Kyle G. and Li, Jing-Feng and Rödel, Jürgen (2019):
Temperature dependent fracture toughness of KNN-based lead-free piezoelectric ceramics.
In: Acta Materialia, Elsevier Science Publishing, pp. 369-378, 2019, (174), ISSN 13596454, DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2019.05.060, [Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2019.05.060],
[Article]

Abstract

The fracture toughness of unpoled and electrically poled lead-free KNN-based piezoelectric ceramics with the composition of 0.92KNN-0.02Bi0.5Li0.5TiO3-0.06BaZrO3 was investigated. Results reveal that at room temperature, the intrinsic fracture toughness (KI0) of the unpoled samples, evaluated by the neartip crack opening displacement (COD) technique, is the lowest with a value of 0.70 MPa,m0.5; the long (through-thickness) crack fracture toughness (KIvnb), obtained by the single edge V-notch beam (SEVNB) technique, is the highest, with a value of 0.95 MPa,m0.5; intermediate short surface crack fracture toughness (KIsc) of 0.86 MPa,m0.5 was determined by the surface crack in flexure (SCF) technique. These results were rationalized by the toughening behavior of the material combined with the crack geometrydependent stress intensity evolution during crack propagation. With increasing temperature, KIvnb and KIsc decrease, and become nearly identical at 350 °C, suggesting an absence of toughening. For electrically poled samples, their room temperature fracture toughness was characterized by both SCF and SEVNB techniques, with values of 0.88 MPa,m0.5 and 0.99 MPa,m0.5, respectively, slightly larger than the values measured for unpoled samples. Nonlinear electric field-strain and stress-strain analysis of the material was also employed during electric field loading, mechanical compression and four-point bending in order to quantify crack tip shielding by domain switching and the actual stress at the point of instable crack propagation.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2019
Creators: Li, Yingwei and Liu, Yixuan and Öchsner, Paul-Erich and Isaia, Daniel and Zhang, Yichi and Wang, Ke and Webber, Kyle G. and Li, Jing-Feng and Rödel, Jürgen
Title: Temperature dependent fracture toughness of KNN-based lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
Language: English
Abstract:

The fracture toughness of unpoled and electrically poled lead-free KNN-based piezoelectric ceramics with the composition of 0.92KNN-0.02Bi0.5Li0.5TiO3-0.06BaZrO3 was investigated. Results reveal that at room temperature, the intrinsic fracture toughness (KI0) of the unpoled samples, evaluated by the neartip crack opening displacement (COD) technique, is the lowest with a value of 0.70 MPa,m0.5; the long (through-thickness) crack fracture toughness (KIvnb), obtained by the single edge V-notch beam (SEVNB) technique, is the highest, with a value of 0.95 MPa,m0.5; intermediate short surface crack fracture toughness (KIsc) of 0.86 MPa,m0.5 was determined by the surface crack in flexure (SCF) technique. These results were rationalized by the toughening behavior of the material combined with the crack geometrydependent stress intensity evolution during crack propagation. With increasing temperature, KIvnb and KIsc decrease, and become nearly identical at 350 °C, suggesting an absence of toughening. For electrically poled samples, their room temperature fracture toughness was characterized by both SCF and SEVNB techniques, with values of 0.88 MPa,m0.5 and 0.99 MPa,m0.5, respectively, slightly larger than the values measured for unpoled samples. Nonlinear electric field-strain and stress-strain analysis of the material was also employed during electric field loading, mechanical compression and four-point bending in order to quantify crack tip shielding by domain switching and the actual stress at the point of instable crack propagation.

Journal or Publication Title: Acta Materialia
Volume: 2019
Number: 174
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing
Uncontrolled Keywords: Potassium-sodium niobate Lead-free piezoceramics Fracture toughness Domain switching Toughening
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2019 07:52
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2019.05.060
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2019.05.060
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