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Significantly enhanced room temperature electrocaloric response with superior thermal stability in sodium niobate-based bulk ceramics

Yu, Ying and Gao, Feng and Weyland, Florian and Du, Hongliang and Jin, Li and Hou, Lei and Yang, Zetian and Novak, Nikola and Qu, Shaobo (2019):
Significantly enhanced room temperature electrocaloric response with superior thermal stability in sodium niobate-based bulk ceramics.
In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, RSC Publishing, pp. 11543-12360, 7, (19), ISSN 2050-7488, DOI: 10.1039/c9ta00713j, [Article]

Abstract

Converting electrical into thermal energy in ferroelectrics paves the way for a novel cooling technology, to open up new fields of applications. For electrocaloric refrigeration, a large temperature change (DT) and excellent temperature stability are highly desired. Unfortunately, a large room temperature DT in leadfree bulk ceramics is usually obtained at the expense of temperature stability, and vice versa, limiting their practical applications. In this work, composition engineering is carried out as an important strategy to tune the phase transition to room temperature and simultaneously induce a diffuse phase transition to achieve excellent temperature stability. A large room temperature DT is realized by the application of large electric fields, possibly due to the optimization of sintering process in sodium niobate based ceramics. The 0.78NaNbO3–0.22BaTiO3 ceramic is found to exhibit both a large room temperature DT(~0.70 K) and superior temperature stability (±1.4% variation in DT from 300 K to 380 K). Those properties are superior to previously reported lead-free bulk ceramics. This work provides a guide for the development of high-performance ceramic materials such as NaNbO3–ABO3 (A = Ba, Sr and Ca; and B = Ti and Zr) for electrocaloric refrigeration. Most importantly, this work expands the applications of NaNbO3-based ceramics from electric energy storage, electrostrictive and piezoelectric applications, to a new field, i.e. solid-state refrigeration. This makes NaNbO3-based ceramics very promising multifunctional materials for device integration.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2019
Creators: Yu, Ying and Gao, Feng and Weyland, Florian and Du, Hongliang and Jin, Li and Hou, Lei and Yang, Zetian and Novak, Nikola and Qu, Shaobo
Title: Significantly enhanced room temperature electrocaloric response with superior thermal stability in sodium niobate-based bulk ceramics
Language: English
Abstract:

Converting electrical into thermal energy in ferroelectrics paves the way for a novel cooling technology, to open up new fields of applications. For electrocaloric refrigeration, a large temperature change (DT) and excellent temperature stability are highly desired. Unfortunately, a large room temperature DT in leadfree bulk ceramics is usually obtained at the expense of temperature stability, and vice versa, limiting their practical applications. In this work, composition engineering is carried out as an important strategy to tune the phase transition to room temperature and simultaneously induce a diffuse phase transition to achieve excellent temperature stability. A large room temperature DT is realized by the application of large electric fields, possibly due to the optimization of sintering process in sodium niobate based ceramics. The 0.78NaNbO3–0.22BaTiO3 ceramic is found to exhibit both a large room temperature DT(~0.70 K) and superior temperature stability (±1.4% variation in DT from 300 K to 380 K). Those properties are superior to previously reported lead-free bulk ceramics. This work provides a guide for the development of high-performance ceramic materials such as NaNbO3–ABO3 (A = Ba, Sr and Ca; and B = Ti and Zr) for electrocaloric refrigeration. Most importantly, this work expands the applications of NaNbO3-based ceramics from electric energy storage, electrostrictive and piezoelectric applications, to a new field, i.e. solid-state refrigeration. This makes NaNbO3-based ceramics very promising multifunctional materials for device integration.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume: 7
Number: 19
Publisher: RSC Publishing
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
Date Deposited: 16 May 2019 08:10
DOI: 10.1039/c9ta00713j
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