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Rad54 Phosphorylation Promotes Homologous Recombination by Balancing Rad54 Mobility and DNA Binding

Lengert, Nicor and Spies, Julian and Drossel, Barbara (2019):
Rad54 Phosphorylation Promotes Homologous Recombination by Balancing Rad54 Mobility and DNA Binding.
In: Rad54 Phosphorylation Promotes Homologous Recombination by Balancing Rad54 Mobility and DNA Binding, Biophysical journal, pp. 1406-1419, 116, (8), DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2019.03.001, [Online-Edition: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S00063...],
[Article]

Abstract

The repair of DNA double-strand breaks by homologous recombination is of crucial importance for maintaining genomic stability. Two major players during this repair pathway are Rad51 and Rad54. Previously, it was shown that Rad54 exists as a monomer or oligomer when bound to DNA and drives the displacement of Rad51 by translocating along the DNA. Moreover, phosphorylation of Rad54 was reported to stimulate this clearance of Rad51 from DNA. However, it is currently unclear how phosphorylation of Rad54 modulates its molecular-structural function and how it affects the activity of monomeric or oligomeric Rad54 during the removal of Rad51. To examine the impact of Rad54 phosphorylation on a molecular-structural level, we applied molecular dynamics simulations of Rad54 monomers and hexamers in the absence or presence of DNA. Our results suggest that 1) phosphorylation of Rad54 stabilizes the monomeric form by reducing the interlobe movement of Rad54 monomers and might therefore facilitate multimer formation around DNA and 2) phosphorylation of Rad54 in a higher-order hexamer reduces its binding strength to DNA, which is a requirement for efficient mobility on DNA. To further address the relationship between the mobility of Rad54 and its phosphorylation state, we performed fluorescence recovery after photobleaching experiments in living cells, which expressed different versions of the Rad54 protein. Here, we could measure that the phosphomimetic version of Rad54 was highly mobile on DNA, whereas a nonphosphorylatable mutant displayed a mobility defect. Taken together, these data show that the phosphorylation of Rad54 is a critical event in balancing the DNA binding strength and mobility of Rad54 and might therefore provide optimal conditions for DNA translocation and subsequent removal of Rad51 during homologous recombination repair.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2019
Creators: Lengert, Nicor and Spies, Julian and Drossel, Barbara
Title: Rad54 Phosphorylation Promotes Homologous Recombination by Balancing Rad54 Mobility and DNA Binding
Language: English
Abstract:

The repair of DNA double-strand breaks by homologous recombination is of crucial importance for maintaining genomic stability. Two major players during this repair pathway are Rad51 and Rad54. Previously, it was shown that Rad54 exists as a monomer or oligomer when bound to DNA and drives the displacement of Rad51 by translocating along the DNA. Moreover, phosphorylation of Rad54 was reported to stimulate this clearance of Rad51 from DNA. However, it is currently unclear how phosphorylation of Rad54 modulates its molecular-structural function and how it affects the activity of monomeric or oligomeric Rad54 during the removal of Rad51. To examine the impact of Rad54 phosphorylation on a molecular-structural level, we applied molecular dynamics simulations of Rad54 monomers and hexamers in the absence or presence of DNA. Our results suggest that 1) phosphorylation of Rad54 stabilizes the monomeric form by reducing the interlobe movement of Rad54 monomers and might therefore facilitate multimer formation around DNA and 2) phosphorylation of Rad54 in a higher-order hexamer reduces its binding strength to DNA, which is a requirement for efficient mobility on DNA. To further address the relationship between the mobility of Rad54 and its phosphorylation state, we performed fluorescence recovery after photobleaching experiments in living cells, which expressed different versions of the Rad54 protein. Here, we could measure that the phosphomimetic version of Rad54 was highly mobile on DNA, whereas a nonphosphorylatable mutant displayed a mobility defect. Taken together, these data show that the phosphorylation of Rad54 is a critical event in balancing the DNA binding strength and mobility of Rad54 and might therefore provide optimal conditions for DNA translocation and subsequent removal of Rad51 during homologous recombination repair.

Journal or Publication Title: Rad54 Phosphorylation Promotes Homologous Recombination by Balancing Rad54 Mobility and DNA Binding
Volume: 116
Number: 8
Publisher: Biophysical journal
Divisions: 05 Department of Physics
05 Department of Physics > Institute for condensed matter physics
05 Department of Physics > Institute for condensed matter physics > Statistische Physik und komplexe Systeme
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 08:08
DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2019.03.001
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S00063...
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