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Preceramic core-shell particles for the preparation of hybrid colloidal crystal films by melt-shear organization and conversion into porous ceramics

Vowinkel, Steffen and Boehm, Anna and Schäfer, Timmy and Gutmann, Torsten and Ionescu, Emanuel and Gallei, Markus (2018):
Preceramic core-shell particles for the preparation of hybrid colloidal crystal films by melt-shear organization and conversion into porous ceramics.
In: Materials & Design, Elsevier Science Publishing, pp. 926-935, 160, ISSN 02641275,
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2018.10.032,
[Online-Edition: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S026412751...],
[Article]

Abstract

In this work, the preparation of porous hybrid particle-based films by core-shell particle design and convenient film preparation is reported. Monodisperse core particles consisting of poly(methyl methacrylate‑co‑allyl methacrylate) (P(MMA‑co‑ALMA)) were synthesized by starved-feed emulsion polymerization followed by the introduction of an initiator-containing monomer (inimer) for subsequent atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The inimer shell allowed for the introduction of allylhydrido polycarbosilane (SMP-10) under ATRP conditions by grafting to the core particles. The functionalization of the prepared core-shell particles was investigated by IR spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and solid-state NMR combined with dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP). The obtained hard core/soft preceramic shell particles were subjected to the melt-shear organization technique, enabling a convenient alignment into a colloidal crystal structure in one single step without the presence of a dispersion medium or solvent for the designed particles. Moreover, the hybrid particle-based films were converted into a porous ceramic structure upon thermal treatment. As a result, freestanding ceramic porous films have been obtained after degradation of the organic template core particles. Noteworthy, the conversion of the matrix material consisting of SMP-10 into the ceramic occurred with preservation of the pristine colloidal crystal template structure. Herein, the first example of core-shell particle preparation by combining different polymerization methodologies and application of the convenient melt-shear organization technique is shown, paving a new way to ceramic materials with tailored morphology and porosity.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2018
Creators: Vowinkel, Steffen and Boehm, Anna and Schäfer, Timmy and Gutmann, Torsten and Ionescu, Emanuel and Gallei, Markus
Title: Preceramic core-shell particles for the preparation of hybrid colloidal crystal films by melt-shear organization and conversion into porous ceramics
Language: English
Abstract:

In this work, the preparation of porous hybrid particle-based films by core-shell particle design and convenient film preparation is reported. Monodisperse core particles consisting of poly(methyl methacrylate‑co‑allyl methacrylate) (P(MMA‑co‑ALMA)) were synthesized by starved-feed emulsion polymerization followed by the introduction of an initiator-containing monomer (inimer) for subsequent atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The inimer shell allowed for the introduction of allylhydrido polycarbosilane (SMP-10) under ATRP conditions by grafting to the core particles. The functionalization of the prepared core-shell particles was investigated by IR spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and solid-state NMR combined with dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP). The obtained hard core/soft preceramic shell particles were subjected to the melt-shear organization technique, enabling a convenient alignment into a colloidal crystal structure in one single step without the presence of a dispersion medium or solvent for the designed particles. Moreover, the hybrid particle-based films were converted into a porous ceramic structure upon thermal treatment. As a result, freestanding ceramic porous films have been obtained after degradation of the organic template core particles. Noteworthy, the conversion of the matrix material consisting of SMP-10 into the ceramic occurred with preservation of the pristine colloidal crystal template structure. Herein, the first example of core-shell particle preparation by combining different polymerization methodologies and application of the convenient melt-shear organization technique is shown, paving a new way to ceramic materials with tailored morphology and porosity.

Journal or Publication Title: Materials & Design
Volume: 160
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hybrid film Emulsion polymerization ATRP Self-assembly Colloidal crystal Particle processing
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Dispersive Solids
07 Department of Chemistry
07 Department of Chemistry > Fachgebiet Makromolekulare Chemie
07 Department of Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2018 06:46
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2018.10.032
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S026412751...
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