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Construction of mutually unbiased bases with cyclic symmetry for qubit systems

Seyfarth, Ulrich ; Ranade, Kedar (2011):
Construction of mutually unbiased bases with cyclic symmetry for qubit systems.
In: Physical Review A, 84 (4), p. 42327. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.042327,
[Article]

Abstract

For the complete estimation of arbitrary unknown quantum states by measurements, the use of mutually unbiased bases has been well established in theory and experiment for the past 20 years. However, most constructions of these bases make heavy use of abstract algebra and the mathematical theory of finite rings and fields, and no simple and generally accessible construction is available. This is particularly true in the case of a system composed of several qubits, which is arguably the most important case in quantum information science and quantum computation. In this paper, we close this gap by providing a simple and straightforward method for the construction of mutually unbiased bases in the case of a qubit register. We show that our construction is also accessible to experiments, since only Hadamard and controlled-phase gates are needed, which are available in most practical realizations of a quantum computer. Moreover, our scheme possesses the optimal scaling possible, i.e., the number of gates scales only linearly in the number of qubits.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2011
Creators: Seyfarth, Ulrich ; Ranade, Kedar
Title: Construction of mutually unbiased bases with cyclic symmetry for qubit systems
Language: English
Abstract:

For the complete estimation of arbitrary unknown quantum states by measurements, the use of mutually unbiased bases has been well established in theory and experiment for the past 20 years. However, most constructions of these bases make heavy use of abstract algebra and the mathematical theory of finite rings and fields, and no simple and generally accessible construction is available. This is particularly true in the case of a system composed of several qubits, which is arguably the most important case in quantum information science and quantum computation. In this paper, we close this gap by providing a simple and straightforward method for the construction of mutually unbiased bases in the case of a qubit register. We show that our construction is also accessible to experiments, since only Hadamard and controlled-phase gates are needed, which are available in most practical realizations of a quantum computer. Moreover, our scheme possesses the optimal scaling possible, i.e., the number of gates scales only linearly in the number of qubits.

Journal or Publication Title: Physical Review A
Journal volume: 84
Number: 4
Uncontrolled Keywords: Secure Data
Divisions: LOEWE
LOEWE > LOEWE-Zentren
Zentrale Einrichtungen
LOEWE > LOEWE-Zentren > CASED – Center for Advanced Security Research Darmstadt
Zentrale Einrichtungen > University and State Library Darmstadt (ULB)
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2016 20:23
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.042327
Identification Number: TUD-CS-2011-0251
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